Dr Ben Milligan

Ben is a Scientia Fellow based at the Environmental Law Cluster, Centre for Applied Economic Research, and Centre for Ecosystem Science. His interdisciplinary research, teaching and advisory work focus on:

  • Use of environmental information in public policymaking — in particular public sector accounting for environmental assets and ecosystem services using standardised statistical frameworks and approaches, and cross-sectoral development planning informed by natural capital and green growth approaches and perspectives.
  • Design of legal, institutional and policy frameworks for sustainable development — including a focus on integrated governance of transnational economic sectors (marine, mining, energy), and national implementation of multilateral commitments concerning the environment.

Porras I; Mohammed E; Milligan B; James P; Harper S; Pochet G; Vargas R; Merayo E; Steele P, 2019, No hidden catch: Mainstreaming values of small-scale fisheries in national accounts

Tsamenyi M, 2009, Fairer Fishing? The Impact on Developing Countries of the European Community Regulation on Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fisheries, Commonwealth Secretariat

Journal articles

Taylor SFW; Roberts MJ; Milligan B; Ncwadi R, 2019, 'Measurement and implications of marine food security in the Western Indian Ocean: an impending crisis?', Food Security, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12571-019-00971-6

Fuso Nerini F; Sovacool B; Hughes N; Cozzi L; Cosgrave E; Howells M; Tavoni M; Tomei J; Zerriffi H; Milligan B, 2019, 'Connecting climate action with other Sustainable Development Goals', Nature Sustainability, vol. 2, pp. 674 - 680, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0334-y

Hermes JC; Masumoto Y; Beal LM; Roxy MK; Vialard J; Andres M; Annamalai H; Behera S; D'Adamo N; Doi T; Feng M; Han W; Hardman-Mountford N; Hendon H; Hood R; Kido S; Lee C; Lee T; Lengaigne M; Li J; Lumpkin R; Navaneeth KN; Milligan B; McPhaden MJ; Ravichandran M; Shinoda T; Singh A; Sloyan B; Strutton PG; Subramanian AC; Thurston S; Tozuka T; Ummenhofer CC; Unnikrishnan AS; Venkatesan R; Wang D; Wiggert J; Yu L; Yu W, 2019, 'A sustained ocean observing system in the indian ocean for climate related scientific knowledge and societal needs', Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00355

Pearson R; Martínez-Meye E; Andrade Velázquez M; Caron M; O. Corona-Núñez R; Davis K; Paz Durán A; Milligan B; García Morales R; Hackett TD; Ingram DJ; Díaz RL; Lescano J; Lira-Noriega A; López-Maldonado Y; Manuschevich D; Mendoza A; Mills SC; Moreira-Arce D; Nava LF; Oostra V; Owen N; Prieto-Torres D; Rodríguez Soto C; Smith T; Suggitt AJ; Haristoy CT; Velásquez-Tibatá J; Díaz S; Marquet PA, 2019, 'Research priorities for maintaining biodiversity’s contributions to people in Latin America', UCL Open: Environment, http://dx.doi.org/10.14324/111.444/000014.v1

Milligan B; O'Keeffe M, 2019, 'Global Governance of Resources and Implications for Resource Efficiency in Europe', Ecological Economics, vol. 155, pp. 46 - 58, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.01.007

Maes MJA; Jones KE; Toledano MB; Milligan B, 2019, 'Mapping synergies and trade-offs between urban ecosystems and the sustainable development goals', Environmental Science and Policy, vol. 93, pp. 181 - 188, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.12.010

Fuso Nerini F, 2018, 'Shore up support for climate action using SDGs', Nature, vol. 557, pp. 31 - 31, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-05007-1

Fuso Nerini F; Tomei J; To LS; Bisaga I; Parikh P; Black M; Borrion A; Spataru C; Castán Broto V; Anandarajah G; Milligan B; Mulugetta Y, 2018, 'Mapping synergies and trade-offs between energy and the Sustainable Development Goals', Nature Energy, vol. 3, pp. 10 - 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41560-017-0036-5

Niner HJ; Milligan B; Jones PJS; Styan CA, 2017, 'A global snapshot of marine biodiversity offsetting policy', Marine Policy, vol. 81, pp. 368 - 374, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.04.005

Scott J; Smith T; Rehmatulla N; Milligan B, 2017, 'The promise and limits of private standards in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from shipping', Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 29, pp. 231 - 262, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jel/eqw033

Niner HJ; Milligan B; Jones PJS; Styan CA, 2017, 'Realising a vision of no net loss through marine biodiversity offsetting in Australia', Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 148, pp. 22 - 30, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.07.006

Pedro A; Ayuk ET; Bodouroglou C; Milligan B; Ekins P; Oberle B, 2017, 'Towards a sustainable development licence to operate for the extractive sector', Mineral Economics, vol. 30, pp. 153 - 165, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13563-017-0108-9

Pedro A; Ayuk ET; Bodouroglou C; Milligan B; Ekins P; Oberle B, 2017, 'Erratum to: Towards a sustainable development licence to operate for the extractive sector (Mineral Economics, (2017), 30, 2, (153-165), 10.1007/s13563-017-0108-9)', Mineral Economics, vol. 30, pp. 167, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13563-017-0112-0

Terama E; Milligan B; Jiménez-Aybar R; Mace GM; Ekins P, 2016, 'Accounting for the environment as an economic asset: global progress and realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development', Sustainability Science, vol. 11, pp. 945 - 950, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11625-015-0350-4

Milligan B, 2014, 'Planning for offshore CO2 storage: Law and policy in the United Kingdom', Marine Policy, vol. 48, pp. 162 - 171, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2014.03.029

Tsamenyi M; Palma MA; Milligan B; Mfodwo K, 2010, 'The European council regulation on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing: An international fisheries law perspective', International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, vol. 25, pp. 5 - 31, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/092735210X12589554057604

Rose G; Milligan B, 2009, 'Law for the Management of Antarctic Marine Living Resources: From Normative Conflicts towards Integrated Governance?*', Yearbook of International Environmental Law, vol. 20, pp. 41 - 87, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/yiel/20.1.41

Tsamenyi M; Schofield C; Milligan B, 2009, 'Navigation through archipelagos: Current state practice', Center for Oceans Law and Policy, vol. 13, pp. 413 - 454

Pearson R; Martínez-Meyer E; Andrade Velázquez M; Caron M; Corona-Núñez R; Davis K; Paz Durán A; García Morales R; Hackett T; Ingram D; Loyola Díaz R; Lescano J; Lira-Noriega A; López-Maldonado Y; Manuschevich D; Mendoza A; Milligan B; Mills S; Moreira-Arce D; Nava L; Oostra V; Owen N; Prieto-Torres D; Rodríguez Soto C; Smith T; Suggitt A; Tejo Haristoy C; Velásquez-Tibatá J; Díaz S; Marquet P, 'Research priorities for maintaining biodiversitys contributions to people in Latin America', , http://dx.doi.org/10.14324/111.444/000014.v2

Pearson R; Prieto-Torres D; Milligan B; Marquet PA; Díaz S; Velásquez-Tibatá J; Haristoy CT; Suggitt AJ; Smith T; Soto CR; Prieto-Torres D; Owen N; Oostra V; Nava LF; Moreira-Arce D; Mills SC; Milligan B; Mendoza A; Manuschevich D; López-Maldonado Y; Lira-Noriega A; Lescano J; Díaz RL; Ingram DJ; Hackett TD; García-Morales R; Durán AP; Davis K; Corona-Núñez RO; Caron M; Velázquez MA; Martínez-Meyer E; Pearson RG, 'Research priorities for maintaining biodiversity’s contributions to people in Latin America', UCL Open Environment, http://dx.doi.org/10.14324/111.444/ucloe.000002

Book Chapters

Milligan B; Macrory R, 2018, 'The history and evolution of legal principles concerning the environment', in , Edward Elgar Publishing, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781785365669.VI.2

Milligan B, 2013, 'The Australia-Papua New Guinea Torres Strait Treaty: A model for co-operative management of the South China Sea?', in , pp. 268 - 288, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781781955949.00022


Milligan B; Mehra M, 2019, Environmental law-making for sustainable development: A guide for legislators, UN Environment, http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.29788.08329

Martinez Romera B; Smith T; Milligan B; Andersson K; Grahn M, 2017, Nordic Action for a Transformation to Low-Carbon Shipping, 2017:544, http://dx.doi.org/10.6027/TN2017-544

Helsingen H; Milligan B; Dailey M; Bhagabati N, 2017, Greening China’s Belt and Road Initiative in Myanmar: Rapid Assessment of Opportunities and Risks for Myanmar’s Natural Capital, http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.19912.62727