Dr Ben Milligan

Ben is a Scientia Fellow based at the Environmental Law Cluster, Centre for Applied Economic Research, and Centre for Ecosystem Science. His interdisciplinary research, teaching and advisory work focus on:

  • Use of environmental information in public policymaking — in particular public sector accounting for environmental assets and ecosystem services using standardised statistical frameworks and approaches, and cross-sectoral development planning informed by natural capital and green growth approaches and perspectives.
  • Design of legal, institutional and policy frameworks for sustainable development — including a focus on integrated governance of transnational economic sectors (marine, mining, energy), and national implementation of multilateral commitments concerning the environment.
Book Chapters

Milligan B; Macrory R, 2018, 'The history and evolution of legal principles concerning the environment', in Principles of Environmental Law, Edward Elgar Publishing, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781785365669.VI.2

Milligan B, 2013, 'The Australia-Papua New Guinea Torres Strait Treaty: A model for co-operative management of the South China Sea?', in Beyond Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea: Legal Frameworks for the Joint Development of Hydrocarbon Resources, pp. 268 - 288, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781781955949.00022


Porras I; Mohammed E; Milligan B; James P; Harper S; Pochet G; Vargas R; Merayo E; Steele P, 2019, No hidden catch: Mainstreaming values of small-scale fisheries in national accounts, https://pubs.iied.org/16646IIED/

Tsamenyi M, 2009, Fairer Fishing? The Impact on Developing Countries of the European Community Regulation on Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fisheries, Commonwealth Secretariat

Journal articles

Maes MJ A; Jones KE; Toledano MB; Milligan B, 2019, 'Mapping synergies and trade-offs between urban ecosystems and the sustainable development goals', Environmental Science and Policy, vol. 93, pp. 181 - 188, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.12.010

Milligan B; O'Keeffe M, 2019, 'Global Governance of Resources and Implications for Resource Efficiency in Europe', Ecological Economics, vol. 155, pp. 46 - 58, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.01.007

Pearson R; Martínez-Meye E; Andrade Velázquez M; Caron M; O. Corona-Núñez R; Davis K; Paz Durán A; Milligan B; García Morales R; Hackett TD; Ingram DJ; Díaz RL; Lescano J; Lira-Noriega A; López-Maldonado Y; Manuschevich D; Mendoza A; Mills SC; Moreira-Arce D; Nava LF; Oostra V; Owen N; Prieto-Torres D; Rodríguez Soto C; Smith T; Suggitt AJ; Haristoy CT; Velásquez-Tibatá J; Díaz S; Marquet PA, 2019, 'Research priorities for maintaining biodiversity’s contributions to people in Latin America', UCL Open: Environment, http://dx.doi.org/10.14324/111.444/000014.v1

Hermes JC; Masumoto Y; Beal LM; Roxy MK; Vialard J; Andres M; Annamalai H; Behera S; D'Adamo N; Doi T; Feng M; Han W; Hardman-Mountford N; Hendon H; Hood R; Kido S; Lee C; Lee T; Lengaigne M; Li J; Lumpkin R; Navaneeth KN; Milligan B; McPhaden MJ; Ravichandran M; Shinoda T; Singh A; Sloyan B; Strutton PG; Subramanian AC; Thurston S; Tozuka T; Ummenhofer CC; Unnikrishnan AS; Venkatesan R; Wang D; Wiggert J; Yu L; Yu W, 2019, 'A sustained ocean observing system in the indian ocean for climate related scientific knowledge and societal needs', Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 6, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00355

Fuso Nerini F, 2018, 'Shore up support for climate action using SDGs', Nature, vol. 557, pp. 31 - 31, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-05007-1

Fuso Nerini F; Tomei J; To LS; Bisaga I; Parikh P; Black M; Borrion A; Spataru C; Castán Broto V; Anandarajah G; Milligan B; Mulugetta Y, 2018, 'Mapping synergies and trade-offs between energy and the Sustainable Development Goals', Nature Energy, vol. 3, pp. 10 - 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41560-017-0036-5

Pedro A; Ayuk ET; Bodouroglou C; Milligan B; Ekins P; Oberle B, 2017, 'Erratum to: Towards a sustainable development licence to operate for the extractive sector (Mineral Economics, (2017), 30, 2, (153-165), 10.1007/s13563-017-0108-9)', Mineral Economics, vol. 30, pp. 167, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13563-017-0112-0

Pedro A; Ayuk ET; Bodouroglou C; Milligan B; Ekins P; Oberle B, 2017, 'Towards a sustainable development licence to operate for the extractive sector', Mineral Economics, vol. 30, pp. 153 - 165, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13563-017-0108-9

Niner HJ; Milligan B; Jones PJ S; Styan CA, 2017, 'Realising a vision of no net loss through marine biodiversity offsetting in Australia', Ocean and Coastal Management, vol. 148, pp. 22 - 30, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.07.006

Scott J; Smith T; Rehmatulla N; Milligan B, 2017, 'The promise and limits of private standards in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from shipping', Journal of Environmental Law, vol. 29, pp. 231 - 262, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jel/eqw033

Niner HJ; Milligan B; Jones PJ S; Styan CA, 2017, 'A global snapshot of marine biodiversity offsetting policy', Marine Policy, vol. 81, pp. 368 - 374, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.04.005

Terama E; Milligan B; Jiménez-Aybar R; Mace GM; Ekins P, 2016, 'Accounting for the environment as an economic asset: global progress and realizing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development', Sustainability Science, vol. 11, pp. 945 - 950, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11625-015-0350-4

Milligan B, 2014, 'Planning for offshore CO2 storage: Law and policy in the United Kingdom', Marine Policy, vol. 48, pp. 162 - 171, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2014.03.029

Tsamenyi M; Palma MA; Milligan B; Mfodwo K, 2010, 'The European council regulation on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing: An international fisheries law perspective', International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, vol. 25, pp. 5 - 31, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/092735210X12589554057604

Tsamenyi M; Schofield C; Milligan B, 2009, 'Navigation through archipelagos: Current state practice', Center for Oceans Law and Policy, vol. 13, pp. 413 - 454

Rose G; Milligan B, 2009, 'Law for the Management of Antarctic Marine Living Resources: From Normative Conflicts towards Integrated Governance?*', Yearbook of International Environmental Law, vol. 20, pp. 41 - 87, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/yiel/20.1.41


Milligan B; Mehra M, 2019, Environmental law-making for sustainable development: A guide for legislators, UN Environment, UN Environment, http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.29788.08329

Helsingen H; Milligan B; Dailey M; Bhagabati N, 2017, Greening China’s Belt and Road Initiative in Myanmar: Rapid Assessment of Opportunities and Risks for Myanmar’s Natural Capital, WWF, http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.19912.62727

Martinez Romera B; Smith T; Milligan B; Andersson K; Grahn M, 2017, Nordic Action for a Transformation to Low-Carbon Shipping, Nordic Council, 2017:544, http://dx.doi.org/10.6027/TN2017-544