Professor Heng Wang

Heng Wang is a professor and co-director of UNSW Law's Herbert Smith Freehills China International Business and Economic Law (CIBEL) Centre, the largest centre in this field outside China. He is also a co-director of Tsinghua-UNSW Joint Research Centre for International Commercial and Economic Law (JCICEL). He was named Australia's research field leader in international law. Previously, as a professor at Southwest University of Political Science and Law (SWUPL), China, he headed a WTO law center (established by the Department of Treaty and Law, the Ministry of Commerce and SWUPL) and has been the recipient of top research awards and several major grants, including the triennial China Outstanding Law Research Award, twice, (China Law Society) and the Outstanding Research Award in Humanities and Social Science (the Ministry of Education). He was a visiting professorial fellow at UNSW Law (2012-2015). Heng’s research interest focuses on the frontline of China’s international economic law practice (e.g. the Belt and Road Initiative, China-US economic relationship, free trade agreements, possible central bank digital currency), its rationale and implications. His recent papers study US-China trade war, and China’s approach to the Belt and Road Initiative

Heng has spoken at the WTO Headquarters and over 50 universities in America, Europe, Asia, and Africa, including Harvard University, Oxford University, Columbia University, New York University, University of Pennsylvania, University of Virginia, the LSE, University of Paris 1 and Waseda University. He was a Fernand Braudel Senior Fellow and a Max Weber Fellow at European University Institute. As a visiting professor, he taught at UNSW, University of Ottawa, Case Western Reserve University, Yokohama National University, Xiamen University, and China University of Political Science and Law. In 2019, he taught courses at National University of Singapore and Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen). Besides being a visiting professor at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and the University of Cagliari, he conducted research at the WTO Secretariat and was the university professorial fellow at SWUPL.

Besides books, he published widely within and outside of China in journals including Journal of International Economic LawJournal of World Trade, Cornell International Law Journal, Columbia Journal of Asian Law, and Tsinghua China Law Review. Heng was an Executive Council member of the Society of International Economic Law (2008-2015) and is a founding member of the Asian International Economic Law Network, a member of the Asian WTO Research Network, and an executive member of governing council of all three Chinese societies of international economic law or WTO law.

Heng has advised or provided training to the government, international organization (the APEC), and the private sector, and is an arbitrator of arbitration institutions in China and Europe.

He has been often interviewed by media in Australia, China, the US and elsewhere, including by the BBC, Reuters, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, the South China Morning Post, SBS, Australia Financial Review, and the Australian.


Wang H, 2010, 服务原产地规则研究 (The Rules on the Origin of Service), Law Press, China, Beijing

Edited Books

Picker C; Wang H; Zhou W, (eds.), 2018, China - Australia Free Trade Agreement: A 21st-Century Model, Hart Publishing, Oxford; Portland, Oregon,

Wang H, (ed.), 2015, Legal Issues of China's Response to WTO Disputes

Wang H, (ed.), 2014, International Trade Law, Law Press of China,

Zhang X; Chen Y; Wang H, (eds.), 2012, International Economic Law, Xiamen University Press, China,

Journal articles

Wang H, 2021, 'The Belt and Road Initiative Agreements: Characteristics, Rationale and Challenges', World Trade Review, vol. 20

Wang H, 2021, 'Selective Engagement? Future Path for US-China Economic Relations and Its Implications', Journal of World Trade,

Wang H, 2020, 'Selective Reshaping: China’s Paradigm Shift in International Economic Governance', Journal of International Economic Law, vol. 23,

Huiqin J; Wang H, 2020, 'China's Regulatory Approach to the Sharing Economy: A Perspective on Ride-Hailing', Journal of Law, Technology and Policy, vol. 2020, pp. 85 - 108,

Wang H, 2019, 'The Future of Deep Free Trade Agreements: The Convergence of TPP (and CPTPP) and CETA?', Journal of World Trade, vol. 53, pp. 317 - 342,

Wang H, 2019, 'China’s Approach to the Belt and Road Initiative: Scope, Character and Sustainability', Journal of International Economic Law, vol. 22, pp. 29 - 55,

Wang H; Xiao Z, 2019, 'China's Free Trade Agreement Approach to Intellectual Property: The Future of China's Rules under the Belt and Road Initiative', Law Science (Fa Xue), pp. 107 - 128,$9A4hF_YAuvQ5obgVAqNKPCYcEjKensW4IQMovwHtwkF4VYPoHbKxJw!!

Wang H, 2018, 'Divergence, Convergence or Crossvergence of Chinese and US Approaches to Regional Integration: Evolving Trajectories and Their Implications', Tsinghua China Law Review, vol. 10, pp. 149 - 185,

Xi J; Zhou W; Wang H, 2018, 'The impact of the China–Australia Free Trade Agreement on Australia's education exports to China: A legal and economic assessment', World Economy, vol. 41, pp. 3503 - 3523,

Wang H, 2018, 'How May China Respond to the U.S. Trade Approach? Retaliatory, Inclusive and Regulatory Responses', Columbia Journal of Asian Law,

Wang H, 2017, 'The rcep and Its Investment Rules: Learning from Past Chinese ftas', The Chinese Journal of Global Governance, vol. 3, pp. 160 - 181,

Wang H, 2016, 'The challenges of China’s recent FTA: An anatomy of the China-Korea FTA', Journal of World Trade, vol. 50, pp. 417 - 446

Wang H, 2016, 'The features of China's recent FTA and their implications: An anatomy of the China-Korea FTA', Asian Journal of WTO and International Health Law and Policy, vol. 11, pp. 115 - 154,

Wang H, 2016, 'The Implications of the Trans-Pacific Partnership for SMEs: Opportunities and Challenges', KLRI Journal of Law and Legislation, vol. 6, pp. 45 - 82,


Wang H; Guo H, 2013, 'Law and Economic Analysis of WTO Domestic Regulation Disciplines for Services Trade', Wuhan University International Law Review (Wu Da Guo Ji Fa Ping Lun)

Wang H; Hui K, 2013, 'Fair and Equitable Treatment of International Investment Law', Law Science (Fa Xue)

Wang H; Wang G, 2012, 'On British Depositor Protection Scheme Reform in the Post-Financial Crisis Era: Perfection of China’s Depositor Protection System', Contemporary Law Review (Dang Dai Fa Xue)

Wang H, 2012, 'On the Application of International Services Trade Law to Climate Change: A Perspective from General Exceptions', Modern Law Science (Xian Dai Fa Xue)

Wang H; Ke Y, 2012, 'The Substantive Rules of Domestic Regulation in the GATS: Flaws and Strategies', Law Science (Fa Xue)

Wang H, 2012, 'The interpretation of GATS disciplines on economic integration: GATS commitments as a threshold?', Journal of World Trade, vol. 46, pp. 397 - 438

Wang H, 2010, 'WTO Origin Rules for Services and the Defects: Substantial Input Test as One Way Out?', Journal of World Trade, vol. 44, pp. 1083 - 1108,

Wang H, 2006, 'Chinese views on modern marco polos: New foreign trade amendments after WTO accession', Cornell International Law Journal, vol. 39, pp. 329 - 369

Book Chapters

Wang H; Wang L, 2020, 'China's Bilateral Investment Treaties', in Chaisse J; Choukroune L; Jusoh S (ed.), Handbook of International Investment Law and Policy, Springer,

Wang H, 2019, 'The Legal Issues of RCEP Investment Rules: A Sino-ASEAN Perspective', in Mukherjee D (ed.), Economic Integration in Asia: Key Prospects and Challenges with the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, Routledge,

Wang H, 2019, 'The RCEP Investment Rules and China', in China's International Investment Strategy, Oxford University Press, pp. 243 - 257,

Wang H, 2019, 'The legal issues of RCEP investment rules', in Economic Integration in Asia, Routledge, pp. 71 - 92,

Wang H, 2019, 'The RCEP Investment Rules and China: Learning from the Malleability of Chinese FTAs', in Chaisse J (ed.), China's International Investment Strategy-- Bilateral, Regional, and Global Law and Policy, Oxford University Press, pp. 243 - 257,

Wang H, 2019, 'Building Towards the RCEP? Reflections on the ASEAN-China FTA', in Hsieh PL; Mercurio B (ed.), ASEAN Law in the New Regional Economic Order: Global Trends and Shifting Paradigms, Cambridge University Press, pp. 46 - 63,

Wang H, 2018, 'An Analytical Introduction to the ChAFTA: Features and Challenges', in The China-Australia Free Trade Agreement: A 21st Century Model, pp. 19 - 44,

Wang H, 2017, 'The Differences Between China’s Recent FTA and the TPP: A Case Study of the China-Korea FTA', in Economics, Law, and Institutions in Asia Pacific, Springer Singapore, pp. 293 - 305,

Wang H, 2017, 'An Asian Perspective on SMEs in International Economic Law', in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in International Economic Law, Oxford University Press, pp. 189 - 215,

Wang H, 2017, 'The Differences Between China’s Recent FTA and the TPP', in Paradigm Shift in International Economic Law Rule-Making, Springer

Wang H, 2017, 'The Asian Perspective on SMEs in International Trade Law: Opportunities and Challenges Arising from the TPP', in Rensmann T (ed.), Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in International Economic Law, edn. International Economic Law Series, Oxford University Press, pp. 189 - 215,

Wang H, 2016, 'The Interpretation of WTO Services Schedules', in The Future of the WTO, Shanghai People’s Press

Wang H, 2016, 'Subsidies Issues in Renewable Energy Trade', in Matsushita M; Schoenbaum T (ed.), Emerging Issues in Sustainable Development : International Trade Law and Policy Relating to Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment, Springer, pp. 343 - 352

Wang H, 2009, 'Enhancing business participation in trade policy-making: Lessons from China', in Redesigning the World Trade Organization for the Twenty-first Century, pp. 257 - 284


Working Papers

Wang H, 2011, China, Free Trade Agreements and WTO Law: A Perspective on the Trade in Services, EUI Working Paper MWP 2011/05, http://dx.doi.org

International economic law, Chinese law, trade law

Gerkin DJ; Wang H, 2020, Will COVID-19 Affect International Trade and Globalization?,



Thought leadership|03 Jul 2020
The way forward for Australia-China trade relations
UNSW academics offer differing solutions in the attempt to ‘cool down’ rising trade tensions between Australia and China.
Opinion|04 Jun 2020
China-led RCEP provides starting point for reducing tensions and building new global trade rules
World commerce badly needs a confidence boost amid increasing protectionism and deteriorating relations between trade partners. Bilateral approaches are insufficient with high trade tensions while multilateral institutions like the WTO struggle to adapt to new challenges.
Opinion|06 Mar 2020
OPINION: How world trade will be affected by COVID-19
COVID-19 brings a pressure test for governments, businesses and the public, affecting both demand and supply in trade.
Opinion|Thought leadership|30 Jan 2020
US-China phase one trade deal: what does it mean?
While phase one of the US-China trade deal will curb tensions, more work is needed to provide predictability and protection to the world economic order.
Achievement|02 Aug 2019
Hong Kong and Singapore roadshow a success for CIBEL Centre
Roadshow helps to strengthen research collaboration with academic staff in five top universities.
Achievement|Opinion|15 May 2019
How will the US-China trade war affect Australia?
The trade war will have mixed implications for Australia, says UNSW Faculty of Law Associate Professor Heng Wang.
22 Jan 2019
Associate Professor Heng Wang talks Central Bank Digital Currency
Professor Heng Wang, from the Faculty of Law discusses Central Bank Digital Currency, China business and economic law.
16 Nov 2018
UNSW Law and Herbert Smith Freehills partner on China international business and economic law research
The five-year partnership will strengthen research and joint education initiatives that contribute to economic relationships between Australia and China.
20 Oct 2017
Strengthening our commitment to China and the region
UNSW Law’s China International Business & Economic Law (CIBEL) Initiative travelled to Beijing last month to further drive collaboration and strengthen the Faculty’s commitment to China and the region.