Professor Leon Trakman

Professor Trakman is Former Dean of Law at the University of New South Wales, 2002-2007 and currently a UNSW Professor of Law.

A Doctoral Fellow at Harvard, he holds both Masters and Doctorate degrees earned at the Harvard Law School. His academic appointments include: Distinguished Visiting Professor, University of California, Davis; Professor of Law, Dalhousie Law School; Visiting Professor, Wisconsin Law School; Visiting Professor of Law, University of Cape Town; Bora Laskin National Fellow in Human Rights, Canada, 1997/98; Killam Professor, Killam Foundation, Visiting Professor, Tulane Law School; Bolton Visiting Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University.

He has received prestigious fellowships. These include the Bora Laskin National Fellowship (one awarded annually across all university disciplines in Canada), a Killam Senior Fellowship; various grants awarded by the Canada Council, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. In 2018, he concluded a four-year Discovery Grant awarded by Australian Research Council for which he was Lead Chief Investigator.

As Dean of Law at UNSW, he initiated a campaign for a new law building in 2002 which was completed during his deanship in July 2006 (on this purpose designed building, see http://www.law.unsw.edu.au/about-us/law-building. He initiated an international UNSW Law Alumni Chapter in 2003. He also spearheaded a lucrative Major Gift Campaign to fund the construction of the law building and to establish chairs, fellowships and scholarships in law.

Trained as an international commercial arbitrator and mediator, Professor Trakman has served as presiding arbitrator or arbitrator in more than 120 international disputes and as mediated in over 30 disputes. These include disputes in contract law, sales, construction, IP, franchises, insurance, executive remuneration, among others,

He has also served extensively as an inter-governmental trade adjudicator, appointed by US, Canadian and Mexican Governments under North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Before then, he served as a Panelist, appointed by the US and Canadian Governments to resolve trade disputes under the US-Canada Free Trade Agreement.

Professor Trakman has acted as constitutional advisor on the Canadian Charter of Rights, and on human rights and aboriginal justice in Canada. He served as a constitutional consultant to the African National Congress and the Law Commission of South Africa, on their adoption of a bill of rights, and on the creation of a constitutional court for South Africa. He has provided constitutional advice widely, such as to the Constituent Assembly of Lesotho and to the Supreme Court of Malawi.

An international consultant on legal education, Professor Trakman is a past chair of the Legal Education Section on Legal Education for the Canadian Bar Association (N.S.). He has  chaired or participated on research grants committees of the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Bora Laskin National Fellowship Committee on Human Rights and The Molson's National Fellowship Committee. He also advises universities globally, such as serving as Chair of the Visitorship Committee at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, responsible to review their Faculty of Law.

Professor Trakman is a Barrister in New South Wales; a Barrister, Solicitor and Notary Public in Nova Scotia, Canada; and an Advocate of the Supreme Court of South Africa, Cape Provincial Division. He is also the Director of the Masters in Dispute Resolution at UNSW.

For further information please see Professor Trakman's Faculty profile.

Profile Picture
Book Chapters

Trakman L, 2018, 'The Reform of Commercial Arbitration in Australia: Recent and Prospective Developments', in Rayes A; Gu W (ed.), The Developing World of Arbitration: A Comparative Study of Arbitration Reform in the Asia Pacific, Hart Publishing, United Kingdom, pp. 251 - 278, http://dx.doi.org/10.5040/9781509910212.ch-012

Trakman L, 2018, 'An Empirical Case for Extending Standing Panels in Investor-State Arbitration’', in Chaisse J; Nottage L (ed.), International Investment Treaties and Arbitration Across Asia, BRILL, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/9789004360105_021

Trakman L, 2018, 'Australia and International Commercial Arbitration: A Comparative Study of Arbitration Reform in the Asia Pacific', in Rayes A; Weixia G (ed.), The Developing World of Arbitration, Hart Publishers, http://dx.doi.org/10.5040/9781509910212.ch-012

Trakman L, 2018, 'Standing Panels in Investor State Arbitration: A step forward', in Chaisse J (ed.), China's Three-Prong Investment Strategy: Bilateral, Regional and Global tracks, Oxford University Press, United Kingdom

Trakman L, 2018, 'Investment law, arbitration and China', in Chisse J; Ishikawa T; Jusoh S (ed.), Investment Law and Arbitration in the Asia Pacific: Current practice, emerging issues, future prospects, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Trakman L; Rayes A; Gu W, 2017, 'Australia’s Contribution to International Commercial Arbitration', in Arbitration Reform In Asia

Trakman L, 2017, 'International Commercial Arbitration', in Reyes A; Gu W (ed.), Arbitration Reform in Asia, Hart

Trakman L; Walters R; Zellers B, 2017, 'The proposed European and Australian Free Trade Agreement: And the importance for small and medium-sized enterprises', in Bungenberg M; Krajewski M; Tams C; Terhechte J; Ziegler A (ed.), European Yearbook of International Economic Law, Springer, pp. 491 - 511, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58832-2_17

Trakman L, 2017, 'China’s Regulation of Foreign Direct Investment', in Chaisse J; Ishikawa T; Jusoh S (ed.), Asia's Changing International Investment Regime, Springer Verlag, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5882-0

Trakman L; Sharma K, 2016, 'Jumping back and forth between domestic courts and ISDS: Mixed signals from the Asia Pacific Region', in Hindelang, S ; Krajewski, M (ed.), Shifting paradigms in international investment law, Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, pp. 316 - 338

Trakman L, 2016, 'Investment Law, Arbitration and China', in Chaisse J; Ishikawa T; Jusoh S (ed.), Investment Law and Arbitration in the Asia-Pacific Region: Current Practice, Emerging Issues, Future Prospects

Trakman L; Musaleyan D, 2016, 'Reconstituting Investor-State Arbitration', in Lim CL (ed.), Alternative Visions of the International Law on Foreign Investment: Essays in Honour of Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah, Cambridge

Trakman L; Musaleyan D, 2016, 'Reconstituting Investor-State Arbitration', in Alternative Visions of the International Law on Foreign Investment: Essays in Honour of Muthucamaraswamy Sornarajah, Cambridge University Press

Trakman L; Sharma K, 2016, 'Jumping back and forth between domestic courts and ISDS: Mixed signals from the Asia Pacific Region', in Hindelang, S ; Krajewski, M (ed.), Shifting paradigms in international investment law, Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, pp. 316 - 338

Trakman L; Musayelyan D, 2016, 'Caveat Investors: Where do things stand now?', in Lim C (ed.), Alternative Visions of the International Law on Foreign Investment Essays in Honour of Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah, Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom

Trakman LE, 2015, 'Geopolitics, China, and investor-state arbitration', in China in the International Economic Order: New Directions and Changing Paradigms, pp. 268 - 292, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/CBO9781107449480.017

Trakman LE, 2015, 'Investment disputes and Australia’s national interest: A precarious balance', in Australia's Trade, Investment and Security in the Asian Century, pp. 115 - 134, http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/9789814632874_0008

Trakman LE, 2015, 'Contracts: Legal Perspectives', in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition, pp. 809 - 812, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.86014-6

Trakman L, 2015, 'China and Foreign Direct Investment: Looking Ahead', in Liu Q; Shan W (ed.), China and International Commercial Dispute Resolution, Brill, Leiden, pp. 131 - 194, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/9789004306738_007

Trakman L, 2015, 'Contracts Legal', in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Volume 3, Elsevier

Picker CB; Toohey L, 2015, 'China in the international economic order: New directions and changing paradigms', in China in the International Economic Order: New Directions and Changing Paradigms, pp. 1 - 8, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/CBO9781107449480.002

Picker CB; Toohey L, 2015, 'China in the international economic order: New directions and changing paradigms', in China in the International Economic Order: New Directions and Changing Paradigms, pp. 1 - 8, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/CBO9781107449480.002

Picker CB; Toohey L, 2015, 'China in the international economic order: New directions and changing paradigms', in China in the International Economic Order: New Directions and Changing Paradigms, pp. 1 - 8, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/CBO9781107449480.002

Trakman LE, 2014, 'Instituting investment claims under the trans-pacific partnership agreement', in China and International Investment Law: Twenty Years of ICSID Membership, pp. 372 - 407, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/9789004279636_014

Trakman LE; Ranieri NW, 2014, 'Foreign Direct Investment: An Overview', in Regionalism in International Investment Law, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389005.003.0001

Trakman L, 2014, 'China and Investor-State Arbitration', in Shan W; Su J (ed.), China, Trade and Investment, Cambridge

Trakman L, 2014, 'Resolving Investor-State Disputes: Australia's Dilemma and Choices', in Perram N (ed.), International Commercial Law and Arbitration : Perspectives The Proceedings of a Conference Organised by the Federal Court of Australia, the Ross Parsons Centre of Commercial, Corporate and Taxation L

Trakman L, 2014, 'Resolving Investor-State Disputes: Australia's Dilemma and Choices', in International Commercial Law and Arbitration : Perspectives The Proceedings of a Conference Organised by the Federal Court of Australia, the Ross Parsons Centre of Commercial, Corporate and Taxation L

Trakman L, 2013, 'The Case for Investment Liberalisation', in Regionalism in International Investment Law, Oxford University Press

Trakman LE, 2013, 'Investor-state dispute settlement under the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement', in Trade Liberalisation and International Co-operation: A Legal Analysis of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, pp. 179 - 206

Trakman L; Ranieri N, 2013, 'The Case for Investment Liberalization', in Trakman L; Ranieri N (ed.), REGIONALISM IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW, Oxford University Press

Trakman L; Ranieri, 2013, 'Foreign Direct Investment: A historical Perspective', in Trakman LE; Ranieri NW (ed.), Regionalism in International Investment Law, edn. Original, Oxford University Press, UK, pp. 14 - 26

Trakman L, 2013, 'Investment Dispute Settlement under the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement', in Voon T (ed.), Trade Liberalization and International Co-operation, Edward Elgar

Trakman LE, 2011, 'Pierre Elliot Trudeau: A Canadian scandal?', in Aftermath: The Clinton Impeachment and the Presidency in the Age of Political Spectacle, pp. 63 - 80

Trakman L, 2004, 'Dispute Resolution Under NAFTA Chapter 19: A Comparative Reflection', in Doing Business in Mexico (Release 47), edn. Release 47, Transnational Legal Publishers, New York, pp. 1 - 30

Trakman L, 2004, 'Contracts, Legal Perspectives', in International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, edn. Original, Elsevier, pp. 2715 - 2719

Trakman L; Ranieri N; Lopez M, 2003, 'Rights and Responsibilities in International Environmental Law', in DOING BUSINESS IN MEXICO

Trakman L; Gatien S, 2003, 'Rethinking International Environmental Rights and Responsibilities: The Mexican Experience', in Trakman L; Ranieri N; Lopez L (ed.), Doing Business in Mexico (Release 46), edn. Release 46, Transnational Publishers, Ardsley, New York, pp. 191 - 270

Trakman L, 2002, 'Arbitrating Under Chapter 11 of the NAFTA: A Mexican Investor v the U.S.', in Trakman L; Rainieri N; Lopez M (ed.), Doing Business in Mexico (Release 45), edn. Release 45, Transnational Publishers, Ardsley, NY, pp. 1 - 39

Trakman L, 1997, 'Performance under the UNIDROIT', in THE UNIDROIT

Books

Walters R; Trakman L; Zeller B, 2019, Data Protection Law: A Comparative Analysis of Asia-Pacific and European Approaches, Springer

Mercurio B; Trakman L; Kolsky Lewis M; Zellers B, 2010, International Business Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford

Trakman L, 2009, Foreword, Cambridge University Press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511575983.001

Trakman L, 2009, Foreword, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511575983.001

Trakman L; Ranieri, Nick W. ; Lopez, Marlon, (eds.), 2006, Doing Business in Mexico, Transnational Legal Publishers

Trakman LE; Jadeja K, 1997, Dispute Settlement Under the NAFTA Manual and Source Book, Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y. : Transnational Publishers

Trakman L, 1983, The Law Merchant: The Evolution of Commercial Law, Fred B. Rothman, Colorado

Trakman L; Watters D, 1981, Professional Competence and the Law

Conference Papers

Trakman L, 2014, 'Resolving Investor-State Disputes: Australia's Dilemma and Choices', in International Commercial Law and Arbitration: Perspectives, International Commercial Law and Arbitration, Federal Court of Australia, Sydney, pp. 37 - 64, presented at International Commercial Law and Arbitration, Federal Court of Australia, Sydney, 22 - 23 August 2013

Trakman L, 2004, 'Welcome adress', in Fisher R (ed.), 6th International Conference on Tax Administration: Challenges of Globalising Tax Systems, 6th International Conference on Tax Administration: Challenges of Globalising Tax Systems, Sydney, presented at 6th International Conference on Tax Administration: Challenges of Globalising Tax Systems, Sydney, 15 - 16 April 2004

Trakman L, 2004, 'Investment Provisions and Dispute Settlement', in A Practical guide to obtaining a competitive advantage using the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement, A Practical guide to obtaining a competitive advantage using the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement, Sydney, presented at A Practical guide to obtaining a competitive advantage using the Australia-US Free Trade Agreement, Sydney, 27 April 2004

Trakman L, 2004, 'International Commercial Arbitration - confidentiality in arbitration', in Guest lecture International Commercial Arbitration - LLM Course with Gadens Lawyers, Guest lecture International Commercial Arbitration - LLM Course with Gadens Lawyers, State Library - Sydney, presented at Guest lecture International Commercial Arbitration - LLM Course with Gadens Lawyers, State Library - Sydney, 24 May 2004

Trakman L, 2004, 'Developing more effective arbitration environments for trade and financial services: lessons from world centres', in Talk at Singapore Management University - Singapore, Talk at Singapore Management University - Singapore, Singapore, presented at Talk at Singapore Management University - Singapore, Singapore, 16 September 2004

Edited Books

Trakman L; Ranieri, (eds.), 2013, Regionalism in International Investment Law, Original, Oxford University Press, UK

Journal articles

Walters R; Trakman L; Zeller B, 2019, 'Personal Data and Competition Law – Where is it heading?', European Competition Law Review, vol. 39, pp. 505 - 514

Trakman L, 2019, 'Regional Economic Integration and Dispute Settlement in East Asia: The Evolving Legal Framework (by Anna G. Tevini)', Asian Dispute Review, vol. 2019

Zellers B; Trakman L; Walters R; Rosadi SD, 2019, 'The Right to be Forgotten—the EU and Asia Pacific Experience (Australia, Indonesia, Japan and Singapore)', European Human Rights Law Review, vol. 2019, pp. 23 - 37

Trakman L, 2018, 'Aligning State Sovereignty with Transnational Public Policy', Tulane Law Review, vol. 93, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3301024

Trakman L, 2018, 'Domestic Courts Declining to Recognize and Enforce Foreign Arbitral Awards: A Comparative Reflection', Chinese Journal of Comparative Law, vol. 6, pp. 174 - 227, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cjcl/cxy009

Walters R; Trakman L; Zeller B, 2018, 'Personal Data Law and Competition Law: Where Is It Heading?', ECLR: European Competition Law Review, vol. 29, pp. 505 - 514, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3275832

Trakman L; Montgomery H, 2017, 'The 'Judicialization' of International Commercial Arbitration: Pitfall or Virtue?', Leiden Journal of International Law, vol. 30, pp. 405 - 434, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0922156517000024

Trakman L, 2017, 'Public Responsibilities Beyond Consent: Rethinking Contract Theory', Hofstra Law Review, vol. 45, pp. 217 - 262

Trakman L, 2017, 'Enhancing Standing Panels in Investor-State Arbitration: The Way Forward', Georgetown Journal of International Law, vol. 48, pp. 1145 - 1200

Nottage L; Trakman L, 2016, 'How Would a New Labor Government in Australia (Re)Negotiate Trade and Investment Agreements?', Centre for International Governance Innovation, https://www.cigionline.org/publications/how-would-new-labor-government-australia-renegotiate-trade-and-investment-agreements

Trakman L; Hewson C; Burdach J; Morris KV, 2016, 'RNA Directed Modulation of Phenotypic Plasticity in Human Cells', PloS one, vol. 11, pp. e0152424, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152424

Trakman L; Armstrong S; Kurtz J; Nottage L, 2015, 'The Fundamental Importance of Foreign Direct Investment to Australia in the Twenty First Century: Reforming Treaty and Dispute Resolution Practice', The ACICA Review

Trakman L, 2015, 'Public Responsibilities for Electoral Fraud Beyond Correlative Rights and Duties', Utrecht Journal of International and European Law, vol. 31, pp. 17 - 32, http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/ujiel.de

Trakman L, 2015, 'Domicile of choice in English law: an Achilles heel?', Journal of Private International Law, vol. 11, pp. 317 - 343, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17441048.2015.1067993

Trakman LE; Musayelyan D, 2015, 'The Repudiation of Investor–State Arbitration and Subsequent Treaty Practice: The Resurgence of Qualified Investor–State Arbitration', ICSID Review, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icsidreview/siv037

Trakman L, 2015, 'Locating Australia on the Pacific Rim: Trade, Investment and the Asian Century', Transnational Dispute Management, vol. 12, pp. 1 - 20, http://www.transnational-dispute-management.com/article.asp?key=2178

Trakman LE, 2014, 'The status of investor-state arbitration: Resolving investment disputes under the transpacific partnership agreement', Journal of World Trade, vol. 48, pp. 1 - 29

Trakman LE; Ranieri NW, 2014, 'Foreign Direct Investment: A Historical Perspective', Regionalism in International Investment Law, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389005.003.0002

Trakman L, 2014, 'China and Investor-State Arbitration', Chinese Journal of Comparative Law

Trakman LE, 2014, 'China and Foreign Direct Investment: Does Distance Lend Enchantment to the View?', The Chinese Journal of Comparative Law, vol. 2, pp. 1 - 20, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cjcl/cxt015

Trakman LE; Sharma K, 2014, 'The binding force of agreements to negotiate in good faith', Cambridge Law Journal, vol. 73, pp. 598 - 628, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S000819731400083X

Trakman LE, 2014, 'Investor-State Arbitration: Evaluating Australia’s Evolving Position', The Journal of World Investment & Trade, vol. 15, pp. 152 - 192, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/22129000-01502005

Trakman L; Sharma K, 2014, 'BITs and Pieces: Regional Developments in Investor-State Dispute Settlement', APEC Currents

Trakman L, 2013, 'Deciding Investor States Disputes: Australia's Evolving Position', Journal of World Investment and Trade

Trakman L, 2013, 'Investment Dispute Resolution under the Transpacific Partnership Agreement Prelude to a Slippery Slope?', George Mason Journal of International Commercial Law

Trakman L, 2013, 'The Transpacific Partnership Agreement: Significance for International Investment', Journal of International Commercial Law

Trakman L, 2013, 'Investment dispute resolution under the proposed transpacific partnership agreement: prelude to a slippery slope?', Journal of International Commercial Law, vol. 5, pp. 1 - 38

Yow JW L, 2012, 'The enforceability of close-out netting: a Malaysian perspective', Law and Financial Markets Review, vol. 6, pp. 399 - 409, http://dx.doi.org/10.5235/lfmr6.6.399

Trakman L, 2012, 'Review of Vivienne Bath and Luke Nottage, Foreign Investment and Dispute Resolution Law and Practice in Asia', International and Comparative Law Quarterly

Trakman L, 2012, ''Legal Traditions' and International Commercial Arbitration', Transnational Dispute Management, vol. 9, pp. 1 - 35

Trakman L, 2012, 'Resolving Investor-State Disputes under a Transpacific Partnership Agreement - What Lies Ahead?', Transnational Dispute Management, vol. 9, pp. 1 - 62, http://www.transnational-dispute-management.com/journal-browse-issues-toc.asp?key=45

Trakman L, 2012, 'The ICSID in Perspective', Transnational Dispute Management, vol. 9, pp. 1 - 61, http://www.transnational-dispute-management.com/article.asp?key=1917

Trakman LE, 2012, 'The ICSID under siege', Cornell International Law Journal, vol. 45, pp. 603 - 665

Trakman LE, 2012, 'Investor state arbitration or local courts: Will Australia set a new trend?', Journal of World Trade, vol. 46, pp. 83 - 120

Trakman L, 2012, 'A Tribute to Thomas Walde: A Man Larger than Life', Transnational Dispute Management

Trakman L, 2012, 'Foreign Investment and Dispute Resolution Law and Practice in Asia', INTERNATIONAL & COMPARATIVE LAW QUARTERLY, vol. 61, pp. 1022 - 1024, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0020589312000401

Trakman LE, 2011, 'The Twenty-First-Century Law Merchant', American Business Law Journal, vol. 48, pp. 775 - 834, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-1714.2011.01125.x

Trakman L, 2011, 'A Plural Account of the Transnational Law Merchant', Transnational Legal Theory, vol. 2, pp. 309 - 345, http://dx.doi.org/10.5235/204140011800664148

Trakman L, 2011, 'From the Medieval to the Twenty First Century Law Merchant', American Business Law Journal, vol. 28, pp. 775 - 834

Trakman L, 2010, 'Foreign Direct Investment: Hazard or Opportunity', George Washington International Law Review, vol. 41, pp. 1 - 65, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1663088

Trakman L, 2010, 'Pluralism in contract law', Buffalo Law Review, vol. 58, pp. 1031 - 1093

Trakman L, 2009, 'The Boundaries of Contract Law in Cyberspace', Revue de Droit des Affaires Internationales, vol. 2, pp. 159 - 198

Trakman L, 2008, 'Ex aequo et bono: De-mystifying an ancient concept', Chicago Journal of International Law, vol. 8, pp. 621 - 642

Trakman L, 2008, 'Ex Aequo et Bono: Demystifying an Ancient Concept', Chicago Journal of International Law, vol. 8, pp. 621 - 642

Trakman L, 2008, 'The Boundaries of Contract Law in Cyberspace', Public Contract Law Journal, vol. 38, pp. 187 - 236

Trakman L, 2008, 'Arbitrating Options: Turning a Morass into a Panacea', University of New South Wales Law Journal, vol. 14, pp. 187 - 236

Trakman L, 2008, 'Modelling university governance', Higher Education Quarterly, vol. 62, pp. 63 - 83, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2273.2008.00384.x

Trakman L, 2008, 'An outsider's view of governance models', Academe, vol. 94, pp. 41 - 43

Trakman LE, 2008, 'The proliferation of free trade agreements: Bane or beauty?', Journal of World Trade, vol. 42, pp. 367 - 388

Trakman L, 2007, ''Legal Traditions' and International Commercial Arbitration', The American Review of International Arbitration, vol. 17, pp. 1 - 43

Trakman L, 2007, 'Building the Dream: Getting New Structures for Old Faculties', The University of Toledo Law Review, vol. 38, pp. 633 - 649

Trakman L, 2007, 'The Impartiality and Independence of Arbitrators Reconsidered', International Arbitration Law Review, vol. 10, pp. 124 - 136

Trakman L; Trainor J, 2005, 'The Rights and Responsibiities of Auditors to Third Parties: A Call for a Principled Approach', Queen`s Law Journal, vol. 1, pp. 148 - 205

Trakman L, 2003, 'From the Medieval Law Merchant to E-Merchant Law', University of Toronto Law Journal, vol. 53, pp. 265 - 304

Trakman LE, 2002, 'Confidentiality in international commercial arbitration', Arbitration International, vol. 18, pp. 1 - 18, http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1014277907158

Trakman L, 2001, 'The Rule of Law, Justice and Interpretation. (Review)', University of British Columbia Law Review, vol. 34, pp. 579 - 582

Trakman L, 2001, 'Appropriate Conflict Management', Wisconsin Law Review, pp. 385 - 415

Trakman L; Cole-Hamilton W; Gatien S, 1998, 'R. v. Oakes 1986-1997: back to the drawing board', Osgoode Hall Law Journal, vol. 36, pp. 83 - 149

Trakman LE; Gatien S, 1995, 'Abortion rights: taking responsibilities more seriously than Dworkin.', SMU law review : a publication of Southern Methodist University School of Law, vol. 48, pp. 585 - 608

Trakman L, 1995, 'Section 15: equality? Where?', Constitutional Forum, vol. 6, pp. 112 - 125, http://dx.doi.org/10.21991/C9WM1M

Trakman L, 1994, 'Substantive equality in constitutional jurisprudence: meaning within meaning', Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence, vol. 7, pp. 27 - 42

Trakman L, 1992, 'Group rights: a Canadian perspective (Nationalism and Self-Determination)', New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, vol. 24, pp. 1579 - 1650

Trakman L, 1988, 'Alternative Dispute Resolution: International Trade Law', Maine Law Review, vol. 40

Trakman L, 1988, 'Privatizing Dispute Resolution under the Free Trade Agreement: Truth or Fancy?', Maine Law Review, vol. 40, pp. 349 - 366

Trakman L, 1986, 'Review, Grain Contracts and Arbitration', American Journal of Comparative Law

Trakman L, 1986, 'Review, Letters of Credit under International Trade Law', American Journal of Comparative Law, vol. 34, pp. 145 - 145

Trakman L, 1986, 'Review, Grain Contracts and Arbitration', American Journal of Comparative Law, vol. 34, pp. 152 - 152

Trakman L, 1985, 'Winner Take Some: Loss Sharing and Commercial Impracticability', Minnesota Law Review, vol. 69, pp. 471 - 519

Trakman L, 1985, 'The Law Merchant', Humane Studies Review, vol. 2

Trakman L, 1985, 'Contract and Commercial Law Scholarship in Common Law Canada', Osgoode Hall Law Journal, https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/ohlj23&div=37&g_sent=1&casa_token=&collection=journals

Trakman LE, 1984, 'Mysteries Surrounding Material Disclosure in Insurance Law', The University of Toronto Law Journal, vol. 34, pp. 421 - 421, http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/825591

Trakman LE, 1983, 'FRUSTRATED CONTRACTS AND LEGAL FICTIONS', The Modern Law Review, vol. 46, pp. 39 - 55, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2230.1983.tb02506.x

Trakman L, 1983, 'Law and learning: Report of the Consultative Group on Research and Education in Law, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada', Osgoode Hall Law Journal, vol. 21, pp. 554 - 560

Trakman L, 1983, 'Review: Essays on Legal Education', University of Toronto Law Journal, vol. 33, pp. 376 - 380

Trakman L, 1983, 'Legal competence yesterday and tomorrow', Dalhousie Law Journal, vol. 7, pp. 831 - 849, https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/dalholwj7&div=54&g_sent=1&casa_token=&collection=journals

Trakman L, 1982, 'Competence in Law: An Unending Search', Capital University Law Review, Spring, vol. 11, pp. 401 - 417, https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/capulr11&div=34&g_sent=1&casa_token=&collection=journals

Trakman LE, 1981, 'The Unharnessed Insurer: A Foreboding Presence', The University of Toronto Law Journal, vol. 31, pp. 318 - 318, http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/825681

Trakman L, 1981, 'Interpreting Contracts: A Common Law Dilemma', Canadian Bar Review, vol. 59, pp. 241 - 241

Trakman L, 1981, 'Evolution of the Law Merchant: The Modern Law Merchant', Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce, vol. 12

Trakman L, 1980, 'Canadian Law Schools: In Search of Excellence', Dalhousie Law Journal, vol. 6, pp. 303 - 312, https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/dalholwj6&id=309&collection=journals&index=journals/dalholwj

TRAKMAN L, 1979, 'EXCLUSION CLAUSES IN CONTRACTS - YATES,D', CANADIAN BAR REVIEW-REVUE DU BARREAU CANADIEN, vol. 57, pp. 387 - 388, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:A1979HE99200008&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a

Trakman L, 1977, 'The Effect of illegality in Contract Law – A Doctrinal and Comparative Study', SOUTH AFRICAN Law Journal, vol. 94, pp. 468 - 468

Trakman L, 1977, 'Effect of Illegality in the Law of Contract: Suggestions for Reform', Canadian Bar Review, vol. 55, pp. 625 - 655

Trakman L, 1976, 'The Need for Legal Training in International, Comparative and Foreign Law: Foreign Lawyers at American Law Schools', Journal of Legal Education, vol. 27, pp. 509 - 551

International commercial arbitration and mediation; international trade and investment; data protection