Associate Professor Lucas Lixinski

Lucas Lixinski is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, UNSW Sydney. Prior to joining UNSW Law, he was a Postgraduate Fellow at the Bernard and Audre Rapoport Center for Human Rights and Justice at the University of Texas School of Law. He holds a PhD in International Law from the European University Institute (Florence, Italy), an LLM in Human Rights Law from Central European University (Budapest, Hungary), and an LLB from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre, Brazil). He researches and teaches across a range of fields in international law, primarily international cultural heritage law and international human rights law. He sits on the Board of Editors of the International Journal of Heritage Studies, the Australian Journal of Human Rights, the Santander Art and Culture Law Review, and the European Court of Human Rights Law Review. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the International Law Students Association, Vice President (Conference) of the Association of Critical Heritage Studies, and Rapporteur to the International Law Association's Committee on Participation in Global Cultural Heritage Governance.

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Book Chapters

Lixinski L, 2019, 'Axum Stele', in Hohmann J; Joyce D (ed.), International Law's Objects, Oxford University Press, USA, pp. 130 - 140

Lixinski L, 2019, 'The Inter-American Court of Human Rights' Tentative Search for Latin American Consensus', in Kapotas P; Tzevelekos V (ed.), Building Consensus on European Consensus Judicial Interpretation of Human Rights in Europe and Beyond, pp. 337 - 363

Lixinski L; Franca Filho MT; Olmos Giupponi B, 2019, 'Courts of Regional Economic Communities in Latin America and Human Rights Law', in Kadelbach S; Rensmann T; Rieter E (ed.), Judging International Human Rights, Springer, pp. 201 - 222

Ingulstad M; Lixinski L, 2018, 'Pan-American exceptionalism Regional international law as a challenge to international institutions', in Jackson S; OMalley A (ed.), INSTITUTION OF INTERNATIONAL ORDER: FROM THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS TO THE UNITED NATIONS, edn. Routledge Studies in Modern History, ROUTLEDGE, European Univ Inst, Florence, ITALY, pp. 65 - 89,

Lixinski L, 2018, 'Religious cultural heritage: The law and politics of conservation, iconoclasm, and identity', in Hooper G (ed.), Heritage at the Interface: Interpretation and Identity, pp. 121 - 135,

Lixinski L, 2018, 'Intangible heritage economics and the law: listing, commodification and market alienation', in Akagawa N; Laurajane S (ed.), Safeguarding Intangible Heritage Practices and Politics, Routledge, London, pp. 54 - 67,

Lixinski L, 2018, 'Regional and international treaties on intangible cultural heritage: between tradition and contemporary culture', in Waelde C; Cummings C; Pavis M; Enright H (ed.), Research Handbook on Contemporary Intangible Cultural Heritage: Law and Heritage, Edward Elgar, pp. 15 - 34,

Lixinski L, 2018, 'Instrumentos Regionais e Internacionais Sobre Patrimônio Cultural Imaterial: Multiculturalismo Entre Tradição e Modernidade, Cultura Alta e Baixa', in Soares IV P; Pragmácio M (ed.), Tutela Jurídica e Política de Preservação do Patrimônio Cultural Imaterial, pp. 47 - 70

Lixinski L, 2017, 'A critical mapping of transitional justice in Latin America', in Comparative Constitutional Law in Latin America, pp. 87 - 107,

Durbach A; Lixinski L, 2017, 'Introduction', in Heritage, Culture and Rights: Challenging Legal Discourses, Hart Publishing, pp. 1 - 7

Francioni F; Lixinski L, 2017, 'Opening the Toolbox of International Human Rights Law in the Safeguarding of Cultural Heritage', in Durbach A; Lixinski L (ed.), HERITAGE, CULTURE AND RIGHTS: CHALLENGING LEGAL DISCOURSES, HART PUBL, Univ New South Wales, Sydney, AUSTRALIA, pp. 11 - 34,

Lixinski L, 2017, 'Heritage Listing as Self-determination', in Durbach A; Lixinski L (ed.), HERITAGE, CULTURE AND RIGHTS: CHALLENGING LEGAL DISCOURSES, HART PUBL, Univ New South Wales, Sydney, AUSTRALIA, pp. 227 - 249,

Lima Marques C; Lixinski L; Baquero PM, 2017, 'Brazil', in Basedow J; Rühl G; Ferrari F; Asensio PD M (ed.), Encyclopedia of Private International Law, Edward Elgar, pp. 81 - 91

Lixinski L; Tzevelekos V, 2017, 'The Strained, Elusive and Wide-Ranging Relationship between International Cultural Heritage Law and the Law of State Responsibility: From Collective Enforcement to Concurrent Responsibility', in Chechi A; Renold M-A (ed.), Cultural Heritage Law and Ethics: Mapping Recent Developments, pp. 7 - 43

Lixinski L, 2017, 'Falling Short: the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Regime, Indigenous heritage and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples', in Indigenous Rights: Changes and Challenges in the 21st Century, The University of Buckingham Press, pp. 37 - 54,

Tzevelekos VP; Lixinski L, 2016, 'From the internationalisation of national constitutions to the "constitutionalisation" of international law The role of human rights', in Jakubowski A; Wierczynska K (ed.), FRAGMENTATION VS THE CONSTITUTIONALISATION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW: A PRACTICAL INQUIRY, edn. Routledge Research in International Law, ROUTLEDGE, pp. 32 - 52,

Lixinski L, 2016, 'Commentary: The Responsibility to Protect and Non-State (Corporate) Actors - More of the Same?', in Barnes R; Tzevelekos V (ed.), Beyond Responsibility to Protect: Generating Change in International Law, Intersentia, pp. 241 - 248

Lixinski L; Marques CL, 2016, 'Family and Succession Law', in Deffenti F; Barral W (ed.), Introduction to Brazilian Law - 2nd Edition, pp. 51 - 72

Lixinski L, 2016, 'Intangible Cultural Heritage', in Wiesand A; Chainoglou K; Sledzinska-Simon A; Donders Y (ed.), Culture and Human Rights – The Wroclaw Commentaries, De Gruyter, pp. 189 - 191,

Lima Marques C; Lixinski L, 2015, 'Human dignity in South American law', in The Cambridge Handbook of Human Dignity: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, pp. 394 - 400,

Lixinski L; Buckingham L, 2015, 'Propertization, safeguarding and the cultural commons: The turf wars of intangible cultural heritage and traditional cultural expressions', in Culture and International Economic Law, pp. 160 - 174,

Lixinski L, 2015, 'Procedural Fairness in Human Rights Systems', in Sarvarian A; Fontanelli F; Baker R; Tzevelekos V (ed.), Procedural Fairness in International Courts, BIICL, UK, pp. 325 - 342

Lixinski L, 2015, 'Direito Internacional da Arte e do Patrimônio Cultural: Estratégias de Exclusão e Inclusão [International Art and Cultural Heritage Law: Strategies of Exclusion and Inclusion]', in Mamede G; Franca Filho M; Rodrigues Junior OL (ed.), Direito da Arte [Art Law], Atlas, pp. 209 - 240

Lixinski L, 2014, 'Environment and War: Lessons from Cultural Heritage Law', in Rayfuse R (ed.), War and the Environment: New Approaches to Protecting the Environment in relation to Armed Conflict, Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, pp. 157 - 177,

Lixinski L, 2014, 'Heritage for Whom? Individuals' and Communities' Roles in International Cultural Heritage Law', in Lenzerini F; Vrdoljak F (ed.), International Law for Common Goods - Normative Perspectives on Human Rights, Culture and Nature, Hart Publishing Ltd., pp. 193 - 213,

Lixinski L, 2014, 'Taming the Fragmentation Monster through Human Rights? International Constitutionalism, 'Pluralism Lite' and the Common Territory of the two European Legal Orders', in Kosta V; Skoutaris N; Tzevelekos VP (ed.), The EU Accession to the ECHR, Hart Pub Limited, pp. 219 - 233,

Lixinski L, 2014, 'Det immaterielle Røros [The Intangible in Røros]', in Gjelsvik E (ed.), Røros: Refleksjoner etter 30 år som vendersarv [Røros: Reflections of a 30 year anniversary], Pax Forlag, pp. 207 - 221

Lixinski L, 2013, 'Legal implications of the privatization of cyber warfare', in New Technologies and Human Rights: Challenges to Regulation, pp. 255 - 271

Lixinski ; Marques CL, 2011, 'Family and Succession Law', in Deffenti F; Barral W (ed.), Introduction to Brazilian Law, edn. Original, Kluwer Law International, The Netherlands, pp. 49 - 69,

Lixinski ; Marques CL; Bordin FL, 2011, 'Artigos 11 [Article 11]', in Saliba AT (ed.), Treaty Law – Commentary to the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969), edn. Original, Arraes Editores, pp. 55 - 62

Lixinski L; Marques CL; Miragem B, 2010, 'Desenvolvimento e Consumo: bases para uma análise da proteção do consumidor como direito humano [Consumption and Development: Bases for analyzing consumer protection as a human right]', in Piovesan F; Soares IV P (ed.), Direito ao Desenvolvimento [The Right to Development], Forum, pp. 201 - 230

Lixinski L, 2010, 'Human Rights Law in MERCOSUR', in Lixinski L; Franca Filho MT; Olmos Giupponi MB (ed.), The Law of MERCOSUR, Hart, pp. 351 - 364

Lixinski L; Franca Filho MT; Olmos Giupponi MB, 2010, 'Introduction to the Law of MERCOSUR', in Lixinski L; Franca Filho MT; Olmos Giupponi MB (ed.), The Law of MERCOSUR, Hart, pp. 1 - 5

Lixinski L; Correa FA, 2010, 'The Legal Future of MERCOSUR', in Lixinski ; Franca Filho MT; Olmos Giupponi MB (ed.), The Law of MERCOSUR, Bloomsbury Publishing, pp. 413 - 423

Lixinski L; Marques CL, 2008, 'Artigo 12 [Article 12]', in Brant LN C (ed.), Comentário à Carta das Nações Unidas [Commentary to the United Nations Charter], pp. 257 - 269

Lixinski L, 2008, 'Limiting Freedom of Assembly Based on Harm to Third Parties: The Balancing of Economic Freedoms and Fundamental Rights in the European Union and MERCOSUR', in Sajo A (ed.), Free to Protest: Constituent Power and Street Demonstration, Eleven, pp. 127 - 127


Lixinski L, 2019, International Heritage Law for Communities Exclusion and Re-Imagination, Oxford University Press, USA

Lixinski, 2013, Intangible Cultural Heritage in International Law, Original, Oxford University Press, United Kingdom,

Edited Books

Durbach A; Lixinski L, (eds.), 2017, Heritage, Culture and Rights Challenging Legal Discourses, HART PUBL, Univ New South Wales, Sydney, AUSTRALIA,

Lixinski L; Marques CL, (eds.), 2015, Legislação de Direito dos Negócios Internacionais [Legislation of International Business Law]

Filho MT F; Lixinski L; Giupponi MB O, 2010, The Law of MERCOSUR, Bloomsbury Publishing

Journal articles

Lixinski L, 2019, 'Mechanisms of systemic change in regional human rights courts: swinging the pendulum between legitimacy and impact', CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL, vol. 8, pp. 60 - 83,

Lixinski L, 2018, 'Confederate Monuments and International Law', Wisconsin International Law Journal, vol. 35 (, pp. 549 - 607,

Lixinski L, 2018, 'Trialogical Subsidiarity in International and Comparative Law: Engagement with International Treaties by Sub-State Entities as Resistance or Innovation', Canadian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 55, pp. 1 - 32,

Lixinski L, 2018, 'Food as Heritage and Multi-Level International Legal Governance', International Journal of Cultural Property, vol. 25, pp. 469 - 490,

Lixinski L; Schreiber L, 2017, 'The Limits of Framing in International Law: The Shortcomings of International Heritage Protection in the ISIS Conflicts', Research Unit on Military Law & Ethics (RUMLAE) Research Paper Series, vol. 17, pp. 1 - 14,


Lixinski L; Schreiber H, 2017, 'Guest Editorial: Intangible Cultural Heritage: Successes, Disappointments, and Challenges', Santander Art & Culture Law Review, vol. 2/2017, pp. 17 - 20,

Wells JC; Lixinski L, 2017, 'Heritage values and legal rules: Identification and treatment of the historic environment via an adaptive regulatory framework (part 2)', Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 7, pp. 345 - 363,

Tzevelekos VP; Lixinski L, 2016, 'Towards a Humanized International "constitution"?', Leiden Journal of International Law, vol. 29, pp. 343 - 364,

Wells JC; Lixinski L, 2016, 'Heritage values and legal rules: Identification and treatment of the historic environment via an adaptive regulatory framework (part 1)', Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, vol. 6, pp. 345 - 364,

Lixinski L, 2016, 'Moral, legal and archaeological relics of the past: portrayals of international cultural heritage law in cinema', LONDON REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, vol. 4, pp. 421 - 437,


Lixinski L, 2015, 'Cultural heritage law and transitional justice: Lessons from South Africa', International Journal of Transitional Justice, vol. 9, pp. 278 - 296,

Kosař D; Lixinski L, 2015, 'Domestic Judicial Design by International Human Rights Courts', The American Journal of International Law, vol. 109, pp. 713 - 760,

Lixinski L, 2015, 'Sustainable Development in International Heritage Law: Embracing a Backwards Look for the Sake of Forwardness?', Australian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 32, pp. 65 - 86

Lixinski L, 2015, 'Heritage Listing as a Tool for Advocacy: The Possibilities for Dissent, Contestation, and Emancipation in International Law Through International Cultural Heritage Law', Asian Journal of International Law, vol. 5, pp. 387 - 409,

Lixinski L, 2014, 'Between orthodoxy and heterodoxy: the troubled relationships between heritage studies and heritage law', International Journal of Heritage Studies,

Franca-Filho MT; Lixinski L; Giupponi BO, 2014, 'Protection of Fundamental Rights in Latin American FTAs and MERCOSUR: An Exploratory Agenda', European Law Journal, vol. 20, pp. 811 - 823,

Lixinski L, 2014, 'Comparative International Human Rights Law: An Analysis of the Right to Private and Family Life across Human Rights “Jurisdictions”', Nordic Journal of Human Rights, vol. 32, pp. 99 - 117,

Lixinski L, 2014, 'A Tale of Two Heritages: Claims of Ownership over Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Myth of "Authenticity"', Transnational Dispute Management, vol. 2, pp. online,

Lixinski L, 2014, 'What's in a name? Recent developments in Brazilian private international law', Australian Law Journal, vol. 88, pp. 546 - 548

Lixinski L, 2014, 'The Settlement of International Cultural Heritage Disputes', NETHERLANDS INTERNATIONAL LAW REVIEW, vol. 61, pp. 460 - 463,

Lixinski L, 2013, 'International cultural heritage regimes, international law, and the politics of expertise', International Journal of Cultural Property, vol. 20, pp. 407 - 429,

Lixinski L, 2013, 'Narratives of the International Legal Order and Why They Matter', , vol. 6

Lixinski L, 2013, 'Luci E Ombre: The Bright And Dark Sides Of International Heritage Law', Italian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 22, pp. 133 - 153,

Lixinski L, 2013, 'O direito do patrimônio cultural da humanidade no Brasil: bases para reforma da legislação brasileira à luz do direito internacional [Cultural Heritage Law in Brazil: foundations for reform of Brazili', Revista de Direito Ambiental [Environmental Law Review], pp. 135 - 160

Lixinski L; Ingulstad M, 2013, 'Raw Materials, Race, and Legal Regimes: The Development of the Principle of Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources in the Americas', World History Bulletin, vol. 29, pp. 34 - 39,

Lixinski L, 2011, 'Selecting heritage: The interplay of art, politics and identity', European Journal of International Law, vol. 22, pp. 81 - 100,

Lixinski L, 2011, 'Partnership of the European Union with the States and regional groups of Latin America', COMMON MARKET LAW REVIEW, vol. 48, pp. 1750 - 1752,

Lixinski L, 2010, 'Treaty interpretation by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights: Expansionism at the service of the unity of international law', European Journal of International Law, vol. 21, pp. 585 - 604,

Lixinski L, 2010, 'Constitutionalism and the Other: Multiculturalism and Indigeneity in Selected Latin American Countries', Anuario Iberoamericano de Justicia Constitucional, vol. 14, pp. 235 - 266

Lixinski L, 2009, 'The Future of the EU Cultural Policy in the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage', The Prague Yearbook of Comparative Law, vol. 1, pp. 119 - 119

Lixinski L, 2009, 'Choice of Forum in International Human Rights Adjudication and the Unity / Fragmentation Debate: Is Plurality the Way Ahead?', University College Dublin Law Review, vol. 9, pp. 23 - 45

Lixinski L; Marques CL, 2008, 'Treaty Enforcement by Brazilian Courts: Reconciling Ambivalences and Myths?', Brazilian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 4, pp. 138 - 169

Lixinski L, 2008, 'Choice of Forum in International Human Rights Adjudication and the Unity / Fragmentation Debate: Is Plurality the Way Ahead?', Italian Yearbook of International Law, vol. 18, pp. 183 - 200

Lixinski L, 2008, 'Limitando la libertad de asamblea con base en daños a terceros: El balance de libertades económicas y derechos fundamentales en la Unión Europea y en el Mercosur. [Limiting Freedom of Assembly Based o', Revista de Derecho Privado y Comunitario, pp. 811 - 811

Lixinski L, 2006, 'Considerações acerca da inserção dos direitos de personalidade no ordenamento jurídico brasileiro. [Thoughts on the insertion of personality rights in the Brazilian legal order]', Revista de Direito Privado, vol. 2006, pp. 201 - 201

Lixinski L, 2006, 'O direito moral de autor como direito de personalidade e a universalidade de sua proteção. [Author's Moral Rights as Personality Rights and the Universality of their Protection]', Revista Trimestral de Direito Civil, vol. 2006, pp. 49 - 49


Grote R; Lachenmann F; Wolfrum R (eds.), 2019, Culture, in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL], Max Planck Institute,

Lixinski L, 2018, Prefácio [Preface]

Cultural heritage law and policy (particularly UNESCO)
International human rights law
United Nations
Latin American politics and law

In addition to English, fluent in Spanish and Portuguese.



29 Aug 2018
UNSW researcher in international heritage law weighs in on monument-removal controversy
A UNSW researcher in international heritage law has weighed into the monument-removal controversy, suggesting that monuments of James Cook and confederate statues in the US not be removed.
20 Oct 2017
UNSW Law academics help launch million-dollar grant on the oceans
Our oceans are a global matter of concern.  Established protocols of governance are inadequate to deal with the complex set of challenges we are facing today, from habitat devastation to the multitude of effects attributable to climate change. UNSW Law’s Scientia Professor Rosemary Rayfuse and Associate Professor Lucas Lixinski are the only law partners involved in a multidisciplinary three-year project investigating themes around ocean governance - Representations, Resources and Regulatory Governance of the Oceans or ‘3ROceans’.
09 Aug 2017
A global perspective
UNSW Law partners with several overseas institutions to offer students exciting opportunities to add international experience and legal knowledge to their law degrees. Last month more than 100 UNSW Law students participated in overseas electives in New York, Santiago and Shanghai.
Research|Thought leadership|30 Apr 2019
UNSW Sydney Law launches new speaker series
A new UNSW Law speaker series will explore the complex and ubiquitous issues of international trade law and give insights into how it penetrates our lives from travel and leisure to public safety and security.    

Currently Teaching

  • Principles of International Law (LAWS8180)
  • Current Issues in International Law (LAWS8081)
  • Introducing Law & Justice (LAWS1052/JURD7152)
  • Law in the Global Context (JURD7270)
  • Law, Rights and Development (LAWS8192)
  • Transitional Justice in International and Comparative Perspectives (Santiago) (LAWS3348)
  • Global Common Law Systems (LAWS8214)
  • International Human Rights (LAWS8181)
  • Law in the Global Context (LAWS2270/JURD7270)
  • International Law, Human Rights, and Cultural Heritage (LAWS8067/JURD7367)