Dr Monika Zalnieriute

Monika Zalnieriute is a Research Fellow at the Allens Hub for Technology, Law & Innovation. Monika’s research explores the interplay between law, technology, and politics, and focuses on Internet policy, international data privacy law and human rights in the digital age. Her work also addresses intersection between feminist theory, LGBTI rights and Internet Platforms.

Monika holds a PhD in Law from European University Institute in Florence. She has previously held a two-year Post-Doctoral Fellowship at the University of Melbourne, where she worked on the digital rights and discrimination of marginalized groups online. Monika believes that research only matters if it has a strong and tangible impact well beyond academia; and thus is actively engaged both within academic, civil society and policy-making circles. She is founding Director of a researched-based advocacy organization ‘ZEPHIRO: Progressive Platform for Human Rights’ in Vilnius, Lithuania; and a Visiting Fellow at the Center for Media, Data and Society at the Central European University in Budapest, Hungary. Monika provides legal research expertise on data-driven discrimination, data privacy and freedom of expression issues to the World Health Organization, Council of Europe and non-governmental organizations, such as Article 19 and Privacy International. Monika is sits on the International Committee of the Australian Privacy Foundation, and has served on the Executive Committee of the NCSG in ICANN, where she works towards the strengthening of the human rights protection within ICANN policies and procedures.  

Monika has published in Modern Law Review, European Journal of International Law, International Journal of Law and Information Technology, Computer Law & Security Review and International Data Privacy Law, and is currently working on a monograph on Internet architecture and human rights. These days Monika spends a lot of her time thinking and writing about the rule of law and automation of government decision-making.

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Journal articles

Zalnieriute M; Churches G, 2020, 'When a ‘Like’ is not a ‘Like’: A New Fragmented Approach to Data Controllership', The Modern Law Review, pp. 1 - 27, http://ssrn.com/abstract=3533004

Zalnieriute M; Weiss C, 2020, 'Reconceptualizing Intersectionality in Judicial Interpretation: Moving Beyond Formalistic Accounts of Discrimination on Islamic Covering Prohibitions', Berkeley Journal of Gender Law and Justice, pp. 1 - 30, http://ssrn.com/abstract_id=3514948

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Human Rights Rhetoric in Global Internet Governance: New ICANN Bylaw on Human Rights', Harvard Business Law Review, vol. 10, pp. 1 - 40, http://ssrn.com/abstract_id=3532991

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Beyond the Governance Gap in International Domain Name Law: Bringing the UDRP in Line with Internationally Recognized Human Rights,', Stanford Journal of International Law, pp. 1 - 71, http://ssrn.com/abstract_id=3532799

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Google LLC vs Commission Nationale de l’informatique et des Libertés (CNIL)', American Journal of International Law, vol. 114, pp. 1 - 14, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3516337

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Reinvigorating Human Rights in Internet Governance: The UDRP Procedure Through the Lens of International Human Rights Principles', Columbia Journal of Law and the Arts, vol. 43, pp. 197 - 235, https://journals.library.columbia.edu/index.php/lawandarts/article/view/4741

Zalnieriute M, 2019, 'From Human Rights Aspirations to Enforceable Obligations by Non-State Actors in the Digital Age: The Case of Internet Governance and ICANN', Yale Journal of Law and Technology, vol. 21, pp. 278 - 336, https://yjolt.org/human-rights-aspirations-enforceable-obligations-non-state-actors-digital-age-case-internet

Zalnieriute M; Milan S, 2019, 'Internet Architecture and Human Rights: Beyond the Human Rights Gap', Policy and Internet, vol. 11, pp. 6 - 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/poi3.200

Zalnieriute M; Moses LB; Williams G, 2019, 'The rule of law and automation of government decision-making', Modern Law Review, vol. 82, pp. 425 - 455, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2230.12412

Zalnieriute M, 2018, 'Developing a European Standard for International Data Transfers after Snowden: Opinion 1/15 on the EU‐Canada PNR Agreement', Modern Law Review, vol. 81, pp. 1046 - 1063, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2230.12378

Zalnieriute M, 2016, 'The promise and potential of transgovernmental cooperation on the international data privacy agenda: Communicative action, deliberative capacity and their limits', Computer Law and Security Review, vol. 32, pp. 31 - 54, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2015.12.008

Zalnieriute M, 2015, 'An international constitutional moment for data privacy in the times of mass-surveillance', International Journal of Law and Information Technology, vol. 23, pp. 99 - 133, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ijlit/eav005

Zalnieriute M, 2015, 'Emerging Challenges in Privacy Law: Comparative Perspectives', COMPUTER LAW & SECURITY REVIEW, vol. 31, pp. 157 - 159, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2014.12.002

Zalnieriute M, 2015, 'Internet Privacy Rights: Rights to Protect Autonomy', COMPUTER LAW & SECURITY REVIEW, vol. 31, pp. 312 - 313, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2015.01.012

Zalnieriute M, 2014, 'Transborder Data Flows and Data Privacy Law', COMPUTER LAW & SECURITY REVIEW, vol. 30, pp. 104 - 108, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2013.12.003

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Blanket criminal record data disclosure system incompatible with privacy rights', International Data Privacy Law, vol. 3, pp. 197 - 201, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/idpl/ipt012

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Market Integration Through Data Protection: An Analysis of the Insurance and Financial Industries in the EU', INTERNATIONAL DATA PRIVACY LAW, vol. 3, pp. 215 - 216, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/idpl/ipt008

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'The Oxford Handbook of Internet Studies', COMPUTER LAW & SECURITY REVIEW, vol. 29, pp. 472 - 474, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2013.05.008

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations: The State of the Art.', EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, vol. 24, pp. 987 - 991, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejil/cht058

Book Chapters

Zalnieriute M; Bell F, 2020, 'Technology and the Judicial Role', in Appleby G; Lynch A (ed.), The Judge, the Judiciary and the Court: Individual, Collegial and Institutional Judicial Dynamics in Australia, pp. 1 - 22, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3492868

Zalnieriute M, 2019, 'Digital Rights Of LGBTI Communities: A Roadmap For A Dual Human Rights Framework', in Research Handbook on Human Rights and Digital Technology Global Politics, Law and International Relations, Edward Elgar Publishing

Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M, 2019, 'Law and Technology in the Dimension of Time', in Sofia Ranchordas and Yaniv Roznai (eds) Time, Law and Change: An Interdisciplinary Study, Hart Publishing, 2020, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3461408

Zalnieriute M; Burton L; Boughey J; Bennett Moses L; Logan S, 2019, 'From the Rule of Law to Statue Drafting: Legal Issues for Algorithms in Government Decision-Making', in Woodrow Barfield (ed.) Cambridge Handbook on Law and Algorithms, Cambridge University Press, UK, 2019, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3380072

Zalnieriute M, 2017, 'The anatomy of neoliberal Internet governance: A queer critical political economy perspective', in Otto D (ed.), Queering International Law: Possibilities, Alliances, Complicities, Risks, pp. 53 - 74, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781315266787


Vaile D; Wijeyaratne S; Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Submission Telecommunications Data Retention Review, https://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=b7ce0196-1e3b-4afa-aac0-a7188212e07c&subId=668210

Churches G; Zalnieriute M; Greenleaf G, 2019, NSW Needs a Strong Mandatory Data Breach Scheme: Submission to Inquiry into NSW Adopting a Mandatory Reporting Scheme for Data Breaches, https://www.allenshub.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/inline-files/NSW%20Mandatory%20Reporting%20Scheme%20for%20Data%20Breaches%20NDB%20Churches%20Zalnieriute%20Greenleaf%20(002).pdf

Zalnieriute M, 2019, Submission to the United Nations Human Rights Council Inquiry into New and Emerging Technologies, http://ssrn.com/abstract=3470951

Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L; Williams G, 2019, Submission to the Senate Community Affairs References Committee’s Inquiry into Centrelink's Compliance Program, https://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/Centrelinkcompliance/Submissions

Zalnieriute M; Churches G, 2019, Submission to Review of the Australian Federal Mandatory Data Retention Regime, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3416959

Bhathela N; Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M; Clarke R; Manwaring K; Bowrey K; Bell F; Kearnes M, 2019, Response to ‘Artificial Intelligence: Governance and Leadership’ White Paper Consultation by Australian Human Rights Commission, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3352329

Zalnieriute M; Gould-Fensom O, 2019, Artificial Intelligence: Australia’s Ethics Framework Submission to the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3399276

Johns F; Compton C; Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L; McAdam J; Goodwin-Gill G, 2019, Submission to the UNHRC’s Global Virtual Summit on Digital Identity for Refugees ‘Envisioning a digital identity ecosystem in support of the Global Compact on Refugees’, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3380116

Bennett Moses L; Narrain S; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Submission to Inquiry into Victorian Anti-Vilification Laws, http://ssrn.com/abstract_id=3531349

Churches G; Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L, 2019, Review of the Identity-matching Services Bill 2019 and the Australian Passports Amendment (Identity-matching Services) Bill 2019, https://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=2bbfbcb9-a8ca-4e01-9471-97b22473fb4d&subId=669424

Bennett Moses L; Churches G; Watson E; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Submission to the Data Sharing and Release Legislative Reforms Discussion Paper, https://www.datacommissioner.gov.au/sites/default/files/2019-11/5.pdf

Watson E; Churches G; Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Australia’s 2020 Cyber Security Strategy Submission to the Department of Home Affairs, https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/reports-and-pubs/files/cyber-strategy-2020/submission-37.pdf

Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L; Boughey J; Burton L; Bhathela N, 2019, Submission to the OHCHR Thematic Report to the United Nations General Assembly on Digital Technology, Social Protection and Human Rights

Yu A; Lo A; Bennett Moses L; Clarke R; Farbenblum B; Joyce D; De Leeuw M; Manwaring K; Nolan J; Zalnieriute M, 2018, Response to Issues Paper on Human Rights and Technology, https://tech.humanrights.gov.au/sites/default/files/inline-files/70%20-%20The%20Allens%20Hub%20for%20Technology,%20Law%20and%20Innovation.pdf

Bennett Moses L; Buckley R; Johns F; Greenleaf G; Kemp K; De Leeuw M; Manwaring K; Maurushat A; Zalnieriute M, 2018, Response to Issues Paper on Data Sharing and Release

Zalnieriute M; Vaile D; Bennett Moses L, 2018, The Privacy and Data Protection Regulatory framework for C-ITS and AV Systems, https://www.ntc.gov.au/Media/Reports/(A4689742-E776-D8B3-1837-C4F6F3969B2E).pdf

Tatlow-Golden M; Boyland E; Jewell J; Zalnieriute M; Handlsey E; Breda J, 2016, Tackling food marketing to children in a digital world: trans-disciplinary perspectives,’ World Health Organization, http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/322226/Tackling-food-marketing-children-digital-world-trans-disciplinary-perspectives-en.pdf?ua=1

Zalnieriute M, 2015, Issue Report for the Cross Community Working Party on ICANN’s Corporate and Social Responsibility to Respect Human Rights: Practical Recommendations for ICANN, https://www.article19.org/data/files/medialibrary/38003/ICANN_report_A5-for-webv2.pdf

Zalnieriute M, 2015, ICANN’s Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights,’ Policy Brief for Article 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression,, https://www.article19.org/data/files/medialibrary/37845/ICANN-PAPER-WEB.pdf

Zalnieriute M; Schneider T, 2015, A Council of Europe Analysis on ICANN’s Procedures and Policies in the Light of Human Rights, Fundamental Freedoms and Democratic Values,’ Council of Europe, Strasbourg, DGI(2014)12,, http://www.coe.int/t/informationsociety/icann-and-human-rights.asp


Zalnieriute M, 2019, To Forget, But Not Forgive: Why the CJEU’s Latest Ruling on Google and the ‘Right to Be Forgotten’ is Not at All a Win for US Tech Giants, European Journal of International Law, http://www.ejiltalk.org/to-forget-but-not-forgive-why-the-cjeus-latest-ruling-on-google-and-the-right-to-be-forgotten-is-not-at-all-a-win-for-us-tech-giants/

Zalnieriute M, 2019, Technology, Private Companies and Human Rights: Why the Current International Legal Framework Isn’t Enough, https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/business-law-blog/blog/2019/11/technology-private-companies-and-human-rights-why-current


Zalnieriute M, 2019, Why the coalition blinked on the facial recognition database, Australian Financial Review, https://www.afr.com/politics/federal/why-the-coalition-blinked-on-the-facial-recognition-database-20191025-p5347j

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Unlawful metadata access is easy when we’re flogging a dead law, https://theconversation.com/unlawful-metadata-access-is-easy-when-were-flogging-a-dead-law-127621

Intersections between international law, Information Policy and Internet Governance, human rights in the digital age, international data privacy law, and EU data protection law, data-driven discrimination, automation of government decision-making, LGBTI rights and feminist theory. 

Zalnieriute M, 2019, Why the coalition blinked on the facial recognition database, Australian Financial Review, https://www.afr.com/politics/federal/why-the-coalition-blinked-on-the-facial-recognition-database-20191025-p5347j

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Unlawful metadata access is easy when we’re flogging a dead law, https://theconversation.com/unlawful-metadata-access-is-easy-when-were-flogging-a-dead-law-127621

Teaching Activity

LAWS 8037 / JURD 7437 Surveillance, Security & Democracy