Dr Monika Zalnieriute

Dr. Monika Zalnieriute is a Senior Lecturer and Australian Research Council DECRA Fellow at UNSW Sydney. Monika’s research explores the interplay between law, technology, and politics, and focuses on automated decision-making, Internet policy, data privacy and discrimination law, and human rights in the digital age. Her work also addresses intersections among feminist and decolonial theories and LGBTI rights.

Monika holds a PhD in Law from European University Institute in Florence, Italy. Previously, Monika led a research stream on ‘Technologies and Rule of Law’ at the Allens Hub for Technology, Law and Innovation at UNSW Law Sydney, and held a Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Melbourne, where she worked on the digital rights and discrimination of marginalized groups online. Monika believes that research only matters if it has a strong and tangible impact well beyond academia; and is actively engaged both within academic, civil society and policy-making circles. She is a founding Director of a researched-based advocacy organization ‘ZEPHIRO: Progressive Platform for Human Rights’ in Vilnius, Lithuania, and a Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Media, Data and Society and Central European University in Hungary. Monika’s work has influenced policy at the National Transport Commission in Australia, Council of Europe, ICANN, Privacy International, European Parliament and the WHO. Her work also appear in international media outlets, such as BBC and The Guardian.

Monika has published widely in leading outlets, such as the Modern Law Review, Harvard International Law Journal, American Journal of International Law, Yale Journal of Law & Technology, Stanford Journal of International Law, and Harvard Business Law Review, among others. 


Profile Picture
Journal articles

Zalnieriute M, 2022, 'A Struggle for Competence: National Security, Surveillance and the Scope of EU Law at the Court of Justice of European Union', The Modern Law Review, forthcoming Vol 55(1) 2022, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3826112

Zalnieriute M, 2022, 'Data Transfers after Schrems II: The EU – US Disagreements over Data Privacy and National Security', Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, vol. 55(1) forthcoming, pp. 1 - 60, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3826878

Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L; Williams G, 2021, 'Rule of Law by Design?', Tulane law review, vol. 95(5), https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3805479

Zalnieriute M; Churches G, 2021, 'Rejecting the Transatlantic Outsourcing of Data Protection in the Face of Unrestrained Surveillance', Cambridge Law Journal, vol. 80, pp. 8 - 11, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3805488

Zalnieriute M; Weiss C, 2021, 'Reconceptualizing Intersectionality in Judicial Interpretation: Moving Beyond Formalistic Accounts of Discrimination on Islamic Covering Prohibitions', Berkeley Journal of Gender Law and Justice, vol. 35(1), pp. 71 - 90, http://ssrn.com/abstract_id=3514948

Zalnieriute M, 2021, '"Transparency-Washing": The Corporate Agenda of Procedural Fetishism', Critical Analysis of Law, vol. 8(1), pp. 39 - 53, http://ssrn.com/abstract=3805492

Zalnieriute M, 2021, 'Burning Bridges: Facial Recognition Technology and Public Space Surveillance in the Modern State', Columbia Science and Technology Law Review, vol. 22(2), https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3805494

Zalnieriute M; Churches G, 2020, 'When a ‘Like’ is not a ‘Like’: A New Fragmented Approach to Data Controllership', The Modern Law Review, pp. 1 - 27, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1468-2230.12537

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Reinvigorating Human Rights in Internet Governance: The UDRP Procedure Through the Lens of International Human Rights Principles', Columbia Journal of Law and the Arts, vol. 43, pp. 197 - 235, https://journals.library.columbia.edu/index.php/lawandarts/article/view/4741

Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L; Williams G, 2020, '法治与政府决策自动化', 理论月刊 (Theory Monthly), vol. 11, pp. 119 - 131, https://www.academia.edu/45443746

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'The Future of Data Retention Regime in the EU After Qadrature Du Net and Privacy International Judgments', American Society of International Law Insights, vol. 24, https://www.asil.org/insights/volume/24/issue/28/future-data-retention-regimes-and-national-security-eu-after-quadrature

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2020, '“Contracting Out” Human Rights in International Law: Schrems II and the Fundamental Flaws of U.S. Surveillance Law', Harvard International Law Journal, https://harvardilj.org/2020/08/contracting-out-human-rights-in-international-law-schrems-ii-and-the-fundamental-flaws-of-u-s-surveillance-law/

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Human Rights Rhetoric in Global Internet Governance: New ICANN Bylaw on Human Rights', Harvard Business Law Review, vol. 10, pp. 1 - 40, http://ssrn.com/abstract_id=3532991

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Beyond the Governance Gap in International Domain Name Law: Bringing the UDRP in Line with Internationally Recognized Human Rights,', Stanford Journal of International Law, vol. 56, pp. 79 - 122, http://ssrn.com/abstract_id=3532799

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Google LLC vs Commission Nationale de l’informatique et des Libertés (CNIL)', American Journal of International Law, vol. 114, pp. 261 - 267, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3516337;%20http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ajil.2020.5

Zalnieriute M; Moses LB; Williams G, 2019, 'The rule of law and automation of government decision-making', Modern Law Review, vol. 82, pp. 425 - 455, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2230.12412

Zalnieriute M, 2019, 'From Human Rights Aspirations to Enforceable Obligations by Non-State Actors in the Digital Age: The Case of Internet Governance and ICANN', Yale Journal of Law and Technology, vol. 21, pp. 278 - 336, https://yjolt.org/human-rights-aspirations-enforceable-obligations-non-state-actors-digital-age-case-internet

Zalnieriute M; Milan S, 2019, 'Internet Architecture and Human Rights: Beyond the Human Rights Gap', Policy and Internet, vol. 11, pp. 6 - 15, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/poi3.200

Zalnieriute M, 2018, 'Developing a European Standard for International Data Transfers after Snowden: Opinion 1/15 on the EU‐Canada PNR Agreement', Modern Law Review, vol. 81(6), pp. 1046 - 1063, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-2230.12378

Zalnieriute M, 2016, 'The promise and potential of transgovernmental cooperation on the international data privacy agenda: Communicative action, deliberative capacity and their limits', Computer Law and Security Review, vol. 32, pp. 31 - 54, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2015.12.008

Zalnieriute M, 2015, 'Internet Privacy Rights: Rights to Protect Autonomy', COMPUTER LAW & SECURITY REVIEW, vol. 31, pp. 312 - 313, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2015.01.012

Zalnieriute M, 2015, 'An international constitutional moment for data privacy in the times of mass-surveillance', International Journal of Law and Information Technology, vol. 23, pp. 99 - 133, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ijlit/eav005

Zalnieriute M, 2015, 'Emerging Challenges in Privacy Law: Comparative Perspectives', COMPUTER LAW & SECURITY REVIEW, vol. 31, pp. 157 - 159, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2014.12.002

Zalnieriute M, 2014, 'Transborder Data Flows and Data Privacy Law', COMPUTER LAW & SECURITY REVIEW, vol. 30, pp. 104 - 108, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2013.12.003

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Court of Appeal Case May Pave the Way for Compensation for Distress under Data Protection Act', Privacy Laws & Business, UK Report, pp. 8 - 8

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Management Implications of EU Data Protection Draft Regulation', Privacy Laws & Business, UK Report,, vol. 168, pp. 13 - 13

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Bridging Privacy Cultures: the EU’s Binding Corporate Rules and APEC’s Cross-Border Privacy Rules', Privacy Laws & Business, International Report,, vol. 124, pp. 7 - 7

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Unilever Faces the Challenge of a Global Privacy Policy', Privacy Laws & Business, International Report, vol. 124, pp. 20 - 20

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Privacy and Security for Cloud Computing', Privacy Laws & Business, International Report, vol. 124, pp. 26 - 26

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'European Data Protection: Coming of Age', Privacy Laws & Business, International Report, vol. 123, pp. 33 - 33

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Beyond Data Protection: Strategic Case Studies and Practical Guidance', Privacy Laws & Business, International Report, vol. 122, pp. 32 - 32

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Blanket criminal record data disclosure system incompatible with privacy rights', International Data Privacy Law, vol. 3, pp. 197 - 201, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/idpl/ipt012

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Market Integration Through Data Protection: An Analysis of the Insurance and Financial Industries in the EU', INTERNATIONAL DATA PRIVACY LAW, vol. 3, pp. 215 - 216, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/idpl/ipt008

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'The Oxford Handbook of Internet Studies', COMPUTER LAW & SECURITY REVIEW, vol. 29, pp. 472 - 474, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clsr.2013.05.008

Zalnieriute M, 2013, 'Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations: The State of the Art.', EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, vol. 24, pp. 987 - 991, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejil/cht058

Book Chapters

Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L; Williams G, 2021, 'Automating Government Decision-Making: Implications for the Rule of Law', in Technology, Innovation and Access to Justice Dialogues on the Future of Law, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, UK, pp. 91 - 111, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3805496

Zalnieriute M; Bell F, 2021, 'Technology and the Judicial Role', in Appleby G; Lynch A (ed.), The Judge, the Judiciary and the Court: Individual, Collegial and Institutional Judicial Dynamics in Australia, pp. 116 - 142, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3492868

Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Law and Technology in the Dimension of Time', in Ranchordas S; Roznai Y (ed.), Time, Law, and Change An Interdisciplinary Study, Hart, Oxford, pp. 303 - 326, https://www.bloomsbury.com/au/time-law-and-change-9781509930937/

Zalnieriute M; Burton L; Boughey J; Bennett Moses L; Logan S, 2020, 'From the Rule of Law to Statute Drafting: Legal Issues for Algorithms in Government Decision-Making', in Barfield W (ed.), Woodrow Barfield (ed.) Cambridge Handbook on the Law of Algorithms, Cambridge University Press, UK, 2021, Cambridge University Press, pp. 251 - 272, https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/cambridge-handbook-of-the-law-of-algorithms/from-rule-of-law-to-statute-drafting/7257AE46EBD323E5E4126FBD81D5A4A0

Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Law and Technology in the Dimension of Time', in Ranchordas S; Roznai Y (ed.), Time, Law, and Change An Interdisciplinary Study, Hart, Oxford, pp. 303 - 326

Zalnieriute M, 2019, 'Digital Rights Of LGBTI Communities: A Roadmap For A Dual Human Rights Framework', in Wagner B; Kettemann MC; Vieth K (ed.), Research Handbook on Human Rights and Digital Technology Global Politics, Law and International Relations, Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 411 - 434, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781785367724

Zalnieriute M, 2017, 'The anatomy of neoliberal Internet governance: A queer critical political economy perspective', in Otto D (ed.), Queering International Law: Possibilities, Alliances, Complicities, Risks, pp. 53 - 74, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781315266787


Bennett Moses L; Johns F; Land L; Vaile D; Zalnieriute M; Yastreboff M; Zhao S; de Sousa T; Whitty M, 2021, Submission into Inquiry into Data Availability and Transparency (Consequential Amendments) Bill 2020, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3807026

Zalnieriute M, 2021, Technology and the Courts: Artificial Intelligence and Judicial Impartiality

Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M; Nicholls R; Yastreboff M; Di Marco B, 2021, Submission to Inquiry into Draft Critical Infrastructure Asset Definition Rules, https://www.academia.edu/48960008/Submission_to_Inquiry_into_Draft_Critical_Infrastructure_Asset_Definition_Rules

Bennett Moses L; Churches G; Zalnieriute M; Byrnes A; Scully J; Kemp K; Greenleaf G, 2020, Submission to Senate Select Committee on COVID-19 re Privacy Amendment (Public Health Contact Information) Bill 2020, https://unsw.sharepoint.com/:b:/s/LawResearchSupport/ETsj6l0D8oBKhaCitN3nhssBB1QHxQsaXLMp9_9rXmF9vQ?e=46zOJ3

Churches G; Murdocca M; Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L, 2020, Submission to PJCIS’ Review of the effectiveness of the Telecommunications Legislation Amendment (International Production Orders), https://www.allenshub.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/inline-files/PJCIS%20Cloud%20Act%20Framework%20submission%20-%20Allens%20Hub.pdf

Bennett Moses L; Chappell L; Churches G; Zalnieriute M; Byrnes A; Scully JL; Kemp K; Greenleaf G, 2020, Submission to Federal Attorney General, Privacy Amendment (Public Health Contact Information) Bill 2020, https://www.allenshub.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/inline-files/UNSW%20Submission%20to%20AG%20Porter%20re%20COVIDSafe.pdf

Bennett Moses L; Churches G; Johns F; Parnaby L; Zalnieriute M, 2020, Submission to National Data Commissioner, Data Availability and Transparency Bill 2020, https://www.allenshub.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/inline-files/20201106%20Submission%20to%20PMC%20re%20Data%20Availability%20and%20Transparency%20Bill.pdf

Bennett Moses L; Bednarz Z; Churches G; Cooper J; Hartridge S; Joyce D; Zalnieriute M; Yastreboff M, 2020, Submission to Attorney General’s Department, Review of the Privacy Act 1988, https://www.allenshub.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/inline-files/20201206%20Submission%20to%20AGD%20re%20Privacy%20Act%20review.pdf

Bennett Moses L; Churches G; Zalnieriute M; Byrnes A; Scully J; Kemp K; Greenleaf G, 2020, COVIDSafe App - Submission to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3595109

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2020, Supplementary Submission to Review of the Mandatory Data Retention Regime prescribed by Part 5-1A of the Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Act 1979 (Cth) (‘TIA Act’), https://www.allenshub.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/inline-files/Allens%20Hub%20Sup%20Sub%20Final.pdf

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2020, Submission to UNESCO’s Consultation on Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, https://en.unesco.org/news/unesco-launches-worldwide-online-public-consultation-ethics-artificial-intelligence

Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M; Hartstein D; Nicholls R, 2020, Submission to the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission’s Ad Tech Inquiry, https://www.accc.gov.au/system/files/Allens%20Hub%20for%20Technology%2C%20Law%20and%20Innovation%20%2820%20April%202020%29.pdf

Zalnieriute M; Bennet Moses L; Williams G, 2019, Submission to the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters Inquiry into the 2019 Federal Election

Bennett Moses L; Arcot Ananth SN; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Submission into the Inquiry into Victorian Anti-Vilification Laws, http://ssrn.com/abstract_id=3531349

Vaile D; Wijeyaratne S; Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Submission Telecommunications Data Retention Review, https://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=b7ce0196-1e3b-4afa-aac0-a7188212e07c&subId=668210

Churches G; Zalnieriute M; Greenleaf G, 2019, NSW Needs a Strong Mandatory Data Breach Scheme: Submission to Inquiry into NSW Adopting a Mandatory Reporting Scheme for Data Breaches, https://www.allenshub.unsw.edu.au/sites/default/files/inline-files/NSW%20Mandatory%20Reporting%20Scheme%20for%20Data%20Breaches%20NDB%20Churches%20Zalnieriute%20Greenleaf%20(002).pdf

Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L; Williams G, 2019, Submission to the Senate Community Affairs References Committee’s Inquiry into Centrelink's Compliance Program, https://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Community_Affairs/Centrelinkcompliance/Submissions

Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L; Boughey J; Burton L; Bhathela N, 2019, Submission to the OHCHR Thematic Report to the United Nations General Assembly on Digital Technology, Social Protection and Human Rights

Zalnieriute M; Churches G, 2019, Submission to Review of the Australian Federal Mandatory Data Retention Regime, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3416959

Bhathela N; Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M; Clarke R; Manwaring K; Bowrey K; Bell F; Kearnes M, 2019, Response to ‘Artificial Intelligence: Governance and Leadership’ White Paper Consultation by Australian Human Rights Commission, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3352329

Johns F; Compton C; Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L; McAdam J; Goodwin-Gill G, 2019, Submission to the UNHCR’s Global Virtual Summit on Digital Identity for Refugees ‘Envisioning a digital identity ecosystem in support of the Global Compact on Refugees’, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3380116

Churches G; Zalnieriute M; Bennett Moses L, 2019, Review of the Identity-matching Services Bill 2019 and the Australian Passports Amendment (Identity-matching Services) Bill 2019, https://www.aph.gov.au/DocumentStore.ashx?id=a8735bc1-17fe-42ae-b631-2c7aa8550178&subId=669553

Bennett Moses L; Churches G; Watson E; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Submission to the Data Sharing and Release Legislative Reforms Discussion Paper, https://www.datacommissioner.gov.au/sites/default/files/2019-11/5.pdf

Watson E; Churches G; Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Australia’s 2020 Cyber Security Strategy Submission to the Department of Home Affairs, https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/reports-and-pubs/files/cyber-strategy-2020/submission-37.pdf

Zalnieriute M, 2019, Submission to the United Nations Human Rights Council Inquiry into New and Emerging Technologies, http://ssrn.com/abstract=3470951

Zalnieriute M; Gould-Fensom O, 2019, Artificial Intelligence: Australia’s Ethics Framework Submission to the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3399276

Zalnieriute M; Vaile D; Bennett Moses L, 2018, The Privacy and Data Protection Regulatory framework for C-ITS and AV Systems, https://www.ntc.gov.au/Media/Reports/(A4689742-E776-D8B3-1837-C4F6F3969B2E).pdf

Yu A; Lo A; Bennett Moses L; Clarke R; Farbenblum B; Joyce D; De Leeuw M; Manwaring K; Nolan J; Zalnieriute M, 2018, Response to Issues Paper on Human Rights and Technology, https://tech.humanrights.gov.au/sites/default/files/inline-files/70%20-%20The%20Allens%20Hub%20for%20Technology,%20Law%20and%20Innovation.pdf

Bennett Moses L; Buckley R; Johns F; Greenleaf G; Kemp K; De Leeuw M; Manwaring K; Maurushat A; Zalnieriute M, 2018, Response to Issues Paper on Data Sharing and Release, https://www.pmc.gov.au/sites/default/files/public-submissions/data-sharing-2018/20684.pdf

Tatlow-Golden M; Boyland E; Jewell J; Zalnieriute M; Handlsey E; Breda J, 2016, Tackling food marketing to children in a digital world: trans-disciplinary perspectives,’ World Health Organization, http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/322226/Tackling-food-marketing-children-digital-world-trans-disciplinary-perspectives-en.pdf?ua=1

Zalnieriute M, 2015, Issue Report for the Cross Community Working Party on ICANN’s Corporate and Social Responsibility to Respect Human Rights: Practical Recommendations for ICANN, https://www.article19.org/data/files/medialibrary/38003/ICANN_report_A5-for-webv2.pdf

Zalnieriute M, 2015, ICANN’s Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights,’ Policy Brief for Article 19: Global Campaign for Free Expression,, https://www.article19.org/data/files/medialibrary/37845/ICANN-PAPER-WEB.pdf

Zalnieriute M; Schneider T, 2015, A Council of Europe Analysis on ICANN’s Procedures and Policies in the Light of Human Rights, Fundamental Freedoms and Democratic Values,’ Council of Europe, Strasbourg, DGI(2014)12,, http://www.coe.int/t/informationsociety/icann-and-human-rights.asp

Bhathela N; Bennett Moses L; Zalnieriute M; Clarke R; Manwaring K; Bowrey K; Bell F; Kearnes M, Response to ‘Artificial Intelligence: Governance and Leadership’ White Paper Consultation, Elsevier BV, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3352329


Conference Presentations

Zalnieriute M, 2021, 'Transparency Washing', presented at Transparency in the Digital Environment Conference, organized by Center of Ethics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, 07 May 2021

Zalnieriute M, 2021, 'Rule of Law and Facial Recognition Technology', presented at 9th Biennial Surveillance & Society Conference of the Surveillance Studies Network,, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 08 June 2021

Zalnieriute M, 2021, 'Technology and the Judicial Role', presented at iCON Annual Conference, Wraclaw, Poland (Online), 09 July 2021

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'How Technology has Changed Public Law and How We Must Respond in the Classroom', presented at Public Law in the Classroom Conference, UNSW Law, Sydney, Australia, 20 February 2020

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Rule of Law by Design?', presented at AI and the Rule of Law: Regulation and Ethics, Annual Conference 2020, organized by the Information Law and Policy Centre, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London, UK (Online), 19 November 2020

Zalnieriute M, 2020, 'Rule of Law by Design?', presented at EU Commission, Digitranscope Institute, Florence, Italy (Online), 05 October 2020


  • Australian Research Council DECRA Fellowship Award (2021 – 2024)
  • ‘Emerging Thought Leader’ UNSW Law Nomination (2019)
  • ‘Emerging Scholar of Note’ Fellowship, 5th Biennial Crime, Justice and Social Democracy International Conference, 15-17th July 2019, Surfers Paradise, Australia (2019)
  • RightsCon Fellowship, 9-12th June 2019, Tunis, Tunisia (2019)
  • Asia-Pacific Internet Governance Forum Fellowship, APrIGF (2018)
  • Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne (2016 – 2018)
  • Visiting Fellowship, Centre for Media, Data and Society, Central European University (2016)
  • Fellowship, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, (2016)
  • Asia-Pacific Internet Governance Forum Fellowship (2016)
  • Next Generation Award, Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (2015)
  • Conference Scholarship; International Association for the Study of Sexuality, Culture and Society (2015);
  • PhD Scholarship, European University Institute, Florence (2013-2014)
  • PhD Scholarship, the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture & Science and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, NUFFIC (2010-2013)
  • Huygens Scholarship, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Leiden University (2009-2010)
  • Soros International House Best Essay Prize (2006)



  • Australian Research Council, DECRA, ‘AI Decision-Making, Data Privacy and Discrimination Laws’ (M. Zalnieriute) (2021-2024) (AUD 426,530)
  • Allens Hub for Technology, Law and Innovation, UNSW Sydney ‘AI and Law’ (M. Zalnieriute, 2021-2023) (AUD 50,000)
  • Lithuanian Research Council,Government Use of Facial Recognition Technologies: Legal Challenges and Solutions’ (R. Matulionyte, M. Zalnieriute, A. Limante, E. Kvortuniene, 2021 – 2023) (AUD 250,000; EUR 150,000)

  • Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration, ‘AI Decision-Making and the Courts’ (L. Bennett Moses, M. Zalnieriute, M. Legg, F. Bell) (2021 – 2022) AUD 12,074
  • UNSW Law, ‘Technologies and Rule of Law’ (2019-2020) (25,000)
  • UNSW Law seed project funding for ARC Linkage ‘The Automated State’ (2019) (AUD 7,500)
  • Australian National Transport Commission ‘Privacy and Data Protection Regulatory framework for C-ITS and AV Systems’ (D. Vaile, M. Zalnieriute, L. Bennett Moses) (2018) (AUD 36,000)
  • Melbourne Law School Postdoctoral Fellowship ‘Digital Rights of Marginalized Groups: LGBTI & Big Data’ (M. Zalnieriute, 2016 – 2018) (AUD 375,000)
  • Melbourne Law School Major Collaborative Grant ‘Internet Transformations’, M. Richardson, et al) (2016 – 2018) (AUD 40,000)
  • Melbourne Law School International Collaboration Grant ‘Internet Architecture and Human Rights’ (M. Zalnieriute and A. Kenyon) (2016 – 2017)
  • ILGA Europe ‘Identity-based Bullying at Schools in Lithuania’ (M. Zalnieriute, S. Amankaviciute, 2015) (EUR 7,500)
  • European University Institute PhD Scholarship ‘Towards International Cooperation in Data Privacy’ (M. Zalnieriute, 2013-2014)  (EUR 23,600)
  • Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture & Science and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, NUFFIC PhD Scholarship (M. Zalnieriute, 2010-2013) (EUR 68,400)

Intersections between international law, Information Policy and Internet Governance, human rights in the digital age, international data privacy law, and EU data protection law, data-driven discrimination, automation of government decision-making, LGBTI rights and feminist theory. 

Zalnieriute M, 2021, Procedural Fetishism and Mass Surveillance under the ECHR: Big Brother Watch v. UK, https://verfassungsblog.de/big-b-v-uk/

Zalnieriute M, 2020, Free Speech, Domain Names, and Trademarks: Reinforcing the Narrow Objectives of the Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy, Oxford Law Faculty, https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/business-law-blog/blog/2020/07/free-speech-domain-names-and-trademarks-reinforcing-narrow-objectives

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2020, A Window for Change: Why the Australian Metadata Retention Scheme Lags Behind the EU and USA, https://auspublaw.org/2020/02/a-window-for-change-why-the-australian-metadata-retention-scheme-lags-behind-the-eu-and-usa/

Zalnieriute M, 2020, Due Process in Adjudication of Domain Names and Trademarks: Why the UDRP Procedure Has to Change, Oxford University, https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/business-law-blog/blog/2020/02/due-process-adjudication-domain-names-and-trademarks-why-udrp

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2020, A Groundhog Day in Brussels: Schrems II and International Data Transfers, https://verfassungsblog.de/a-groundhog-day-in-bruessels/

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2020, The Instrumentality of Metadata Access Regime for Suppressing Political Protests in Australia, http://www.iconnectblog.com/2020/08/the-instrumentality-of-metadata-access-regime-for-suppressing-political-protests-in-australia/

Zalnieriute M, 2019, Why the coalition blinked on the facial recognition database, Australian Financial Review, https://www.afr.com/politics/federal/why-the-coalition-blinked-on-the-facial-recognition-database-20191025-p5347j

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Unlawful metadata access is easy when we’re flogging a dead law, https://theconversation.com/unlawful-metadata-access-is-easy-when-were-flogging-a-dead-law-127621

Zalnieriute M, 2019, Technology, Private Companies and Human Rights: Why the Current International Legal Framework Isn’t Enough, https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/business-law-blog/blog/2019/11/technology-private-companies-and-human-rights-why-current

Zalnieriute M, 2019, To Forget, But Not Forgive: Why the CJEU’s Latest Ruling on Google and the ‘Right to Be Forgotten’ is Not at All a Win for US Tech Giants, European Journal of International Law, http://www.ejiltalk.org/to-forget-but-not-forgive-why-the-cjeus-latest-ruling-on-google-and-the-right-to-be-forgotten-is-not-at-all-a-win-for-us-tech-giants/

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Unlawful Metadata Access Is Easy When We’re Flogging a Dead Law, http://www.homelandsecuritynewswire.com/dr20191211-unlawful-metadata-access-is-easy-when-we-re-flogging-a-dead-law?page=0,0

Churches G; Zalnieriute M, 2019, Unlawful metadata access is easy when we're flogging a dead law, https://techxplore.com/news/2019-12-unlawful-metadata-access-easy-flogging.html

Teaching Activity

LAWS 8037 / JURD 7437 Surveillance, Security & Democracy