Professor Natalie Klein

Dr. Natalie Klein is a Professor at UNSW Sydney’s Faculty of Law, Australia. She was previously at Macquarie University where she served as Dean of Macquarie Law School between 2011 and 2017, as well as Acting Head of the Department for Policing, Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism at Macquarie in 2013-2014. Professor Klein teaches and researches in different areas of international law, with a focus on law of the sea and international dispute settlement. She has been a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at Cambridge University and MacCormick Fellow at the University of Edinburgh. Professor Klein provides advice, undertakes consultancies and interacts with the media on law of the sea issues.  Prior to joining Macquarie, Professor Klein worked in the international litigation and arbitration practice of Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, served as counsel to the Government of Eritrea (1998-2002) and was a consultant in the Office of Legal Affairs at the United Nations.  Her masters and doctorate in law were earned at Yale Law School and she is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law.

Book Chapters

Giorgetti C;Klein N, 2019, '“This is your wake-up call”: Lea Brilmayer’s Impact as a Scholar and Teacher', in Klein N;Giorgetti C (ed.), Resolving Conflicts of Law: Essays in Honour of Lea Brilmayer, Brill, pp. 1 - 19

Klein N, 2019, 'Land and Sea: Resolving Contested Land and Disappearing Land Disputes under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea', in Klein N;Giogetti C (ed.), Resolving Conflicts of Law: Essays in Honour of Lea Brilmayer, Brill, pp. 248 - 295

Klein N, 2019, 'Strengthening Flag State Performance in Compliance and Enforcement', in Strengthening International Fisheries Law in an Era of Changing Oceans, Hart Publishing

Klein N, 2019, 'Dispute Resolution and the Law of the Sea following the South China Sea Arbitration', in Rothwell D;Letts D (ed.), Law of the Sea in South East Asia: Environmental, Navigational and Security Challenges, Routledge

Klein N, 2018, 'Resolving Disputes under UNCLOS when the Coastal and User States are Disputed', in Hong N; Houlden G (ed.), Maritime Order and the Law in East Asia, Routledge, pp. 253 - 270, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203710555

Klein N, 2018, 'Provisional measures and provisional arrangements', in Maritime Boundary Delimitation: The Case Law: Is It Consistent and Predictable?, pp. 117 - 144, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/9781108344302.006

Burmester H;Klein N;Miles K, 2017, 'International Dispute Settlement', in Rothwell D;Crawford E (ed.), International Law in Australia, edn. 3rd ed, Thomson Reuter, pp. 561 - 587

Klein N, 2016, 'A Maritime Security Framework for the Legal Dimensions of Irregular Migration by Sea', in Papastavridis E;Moreno-Lax V (ed.), 'Boat Refugees' and Migrants at Sea, Brill, pp. 35 - 59

Klein N, 2015, 'Maritime Security', in Rothwell DR;Elferink AO;Scott K;Stephens T (ed.), Oxford Handbook on the Law of the Sea, Oxford University Press, pp. 582 - 603

Klein N, 2014, 'Maritime space', in Handbook of Governance and Security, pp. 388 - 407

Klein N;Techera EJ, 2014, 'Synergies, solutions and the way forward', in Sharks: Conservation, Governance and Management, pp. 309 - 331, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203750292

Klein N;T S, 2014, 'Enforcing Rights in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction through International Litigation', in The Limits of Maritime Jurisdiction, Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden, pp. 525 - 548

Klein N, 2014, 'Who Litigates and Why', in Romano C;Shany Y;Alter K (ed.), Oxford Handbook on International Adjudication, Oxford University Press, pp. 569 - 593

Klein N, 2014, 'The existing global legal regimes', in Techera E;Klein N (ed.), Sharks: Conservation, Governance and Management, pp. 27 - 45, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203750292

Klein N, 2012, 'Dispute settlement options for the protection of nationals abroad', in Cambridge University Press, pp. 436 - 459, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139062008.023

Techera EJ;Klein N, 2012, 'Regulatory Tools for Shark Conservation and Management: Improving Legal Governance and Harnessing Eco-tourism', in Jenkins OP (ed.), Advances in Zoology Research, Volume, Nova Science Publishers, pp. 1 - 26

Klein N, 2011, 'Eco-Terrorism', in Bosselmann K;Fogel D;Ruhl JB (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Sustainability, edn. The Law and Politics of Sustainability, Berkshire Publishing, pp. 143 - 146

Klein N, 2011, 'Global Standards and Specific Needs: Protection of the Marine Environment Through Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas', in Alam S;Klein N;Overland J (ed.), Globalisation and the Quest for Social and Environmental Justice: The Relevance of International Law in an Evolving World Order, Routledge, pp. 39 - 52

Klein N, 2010, 'Settlement of international environmental law disputes', in Research Handbook on International Environmental Law, pp. 379 - 400, http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781849807265.00030

Rothwell DR;Klein N, 2010, 'Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea', in Klein N;Mossop J;Rothwell DR (ed.), Maritime Security: International Law and Policy Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand, Routledge, pp. 22 - 37

Klein N;Mossop J;Rothwell DR, 2010, 'Australia, New Zealand and Maritime Security', in Klein N;Mossop J;Rothwell DR (ed.), Maritime Security: International Law and Policy Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand, Routledge, pp. 1 - 21

Klein N, 2010, 'Intelligence Gathering and Information Sharing for Maritime Security Purposes under International Law', in Klein N;Mossop J;Rothwell DR (ed.), Maritime Security: International Law and Policy Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand, Routledge, pp. 224 - 241

Alam S;Klein N;Overland J, 2010, 'Achieving social and environmental justice through the many dimensions of globalisation: An elusive or achievable quest', in Globalisation and the Quest for Social and Environmental Justice: The Relevance of International Law in an Evolving World Order, pp. 1 - 10, http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203836927

Klein N, 2009, 'International migration by sea and air', in Foundations of International Migration Law, pp. 260 - 282, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139084598.011

Klein N, 2009, 'Eritrea Ethiopia Claims Commission', in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford University Press

Books

Techera EJ;Klein N, 2017, International Law of Sharks: Obstacles, Options and Opportunities, Brill

Klein N, 2011, Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea, Oxford University Press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566532.001.0001

Klein N, 2005, Dispute Settlement in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, Cambridge University Press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511494376

Conference Papers

Klein N, 2016, 'Expansions and restrictions in the UNCLOS dispute settlement regime: Lessons from recent decisions', in Chinese Journal of International Law, pp. 403 - 415, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/chinesejil/jmw028

Klein N, 2014, 'The Effectiveness of the UNCLOS Dispute Settlement Regime: Reaching for the Stars?', in The Effectiveness of the UNCLOS Dispute Settlement Regime: Reaching for the Stars?, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, Washington, DC, pp. 359 - 364, presented at Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, Washington, DC, 07 - 12 April 2014

Klein N, 2011, 'Whaling, Science and the Role of the International Court of Justice', in Whaling, Science and the Role of the International Court of Justice, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, Washington, DC, pp. 66 - 66, presented at Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, Washington, DC, 23 - 26 March 2011

Klein N;Mossop J;Rothwell DR, 2008, 'International Law Perspectives on Trans Tasman Maritime Security', in Australia and Its Maritime Interests: At Home and in the Region, Sea Power Centre, Sydney, pp. 209 - 222, presented at Australia and Its Maritime Interests: At Home and in the Region, Sydney, 29 - 31 January 2008

Klein N, 2007, 'Non-state actors in inter-state litigation: Beneficiaries or blameworthy?', in South African Yearbook of International Law, International Law Association's Regional Conference, Pretoria, pp. 141 - 157, presented at International Law Association's Regional Conference, Pretoria, 27 - 29 August 2007

Klein N, 2006, 'Threats of Terrorism and Threats to International Legal Structures: A Law of the Sea Perspective', in Threats of Terrorism and Threats to International Legal Structures: A Law of the Sea Perspective, Radhika (ed), State Sovereignty: Criminal Law Jurisdiction (Icfai Univervsity Press, Victoria University, presented at Australiasian Law Teachers Association Annual Meeting, Victoria University, 04 - 07 July 2005

Klein N, 2004, 'Avena and Other Mexican Nationals: How the ICJ Lost its Crown', in Avena and Other Mexican Nationals: How the ICJ Lost its Crown, Proceedings of the Annual Australia and New Zealand Society of International Law Meeting, Canberra, presented at Proceedings of the Annual Australia and New Zealand Society of International Law Meeting, Canberra, 18 - 21 July 2004

Klein N, 2004, 'Parallel Proceedings between International Courts and Tribunals', in Parallel Proceedings between International Courts and Tribunals, American Bar Association, Section of International Law and Practice 2004 Spring Meeting, Beyond Globalization: Issues and Opportunities, New York, presented at American Bar Association, Section of International Law and Practice 2004 Spring Meeting, Beyond Globalization: Issues and Opportunities, New York, 14 - 16 April 2004

Klein N, 1996, 'The East Timor case and Models of World Order', in The East Timor case and Models of World Order, Proceedings of the 5th Annual Australia and New Zealand Society of International Law / International Law Association (Australian Branch) Joint Meeting, Canberra, presented at Proceedings of the 5th Annual Australia and New Zealand Society of International Law / International Law Association (Australian Branch) Joint Meeting, Canberra, 17 - 19 May 1996

Edited Books

Giorgetti C;Klein N, (eds.), 2019, Resolving Conflicts of Law: Essays in Honor of Lea Brilmayer, Brill, in press

Techera E;Klein N, (eds.), 2014, Sharks: Conservation, Governance and Management, Routledge Earthscan

Klein N, (ed.), 2012, Litigating international law disputes: Weighing the options, Cambridge University Press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139062008

Alam S;Klein N;Overland J, (eds.), 2011, Globalisation and the Quest for Social and Environmental Justice: The Relevance of International Law in an Evolving World Order, Routledge

Klein N;Mossop J;Rothwell DR, (eds.), 2010, Maritime Security: International Law and Policy Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand, Routledge

Journal articles

Klein N, 2019, 'The Timor Sea Conciliation and Lessons for East Asia in Resolving Maritime Boundary Disputes', Journal of Territorial and Maritime Studies, vol. 6, pp. 30 - 50

Muir L;Klein N, 2018, 'From IPOA sharks to sharks MoU under the convention on migratory species: Progress or clutter in international environmental law?', Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, vol. 21, pp. 190 - 219, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13880292.2018.1485957

Ghezelbash D;Moreno-Lax V;Klein N;Opeskin B, 2018, 'Securitization of Search and Rescue at Sea: The Response to Boat Migration in the Mediterranean and Offshore Australia', International & Comparative Law Quarterly, vol. 67, pp. 215 - 351

Klein N, 2017, 'The Vicissitudes of Dispute Settlement under the Law of the Sea Convention', International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, vol. 32, pp. 332 - 363, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15718085-12322045

Klein N, 2016, 'Agora Contribution, Rocks and Islands after the South China Sea Arbitration', Australian Year Book of International Law, vol. 34, pp. 21 - 21

Klein N, 2014, 'Assessing Australia’s Push Back the Boats Policy under International Law: Legality and Accountability for Maritime Interceptions of Irregular Migrants', Melbourne Journal of International Law, vol. 15, pp. 413 - 443

Klein N, 2014, 'A Case for Harmonizing Laws on Maritime Interceptions of Irregular Migrants', International and Comparative Law Quarterly, vol. 63, pp. 787 - 814, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0020589314000360

Techera EJ;Klein N, 2013, 'The role of law in shark-based eco-tourism: Lessons from Australia', Marine Policy, vol. 39, pp. 21 - 28, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2012.10.003

Klein N, 2013, 'James Kraska, Maritime Power and the Law of the Sea: Expeditionary Operations in World Politics', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW, vol. 28, pp. 396 - 400, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15718085-12341274

Klein N;Knapman L, 2012, 'Australians Sentenced to Death Overseas: Promoting Bilateral Dialogues to Avoid International Law Disputes', Monash University Law Review, vol. 37, pp. 89 - 113

Klein N, 2011, 'David Hicks, Stern Hu, Scott Rush, Jock Palfreeman and the legal parameters of Australia's protection of its citizens abroad', Melbourne University Law Review, vol. 35, pp. 134 - 164

Klein N, 2011, 'From Eco-Terrorism to Eco-Tourism: Assessing Effective Regulatory Tools and Regimes in Marine Management', Chinese (Taiwan) Yearbook of International Law and Affairs, vol. 29, pp. 123 - 134

Techera EJ;Klein N, 2011, 'Fragmented Governance: Reconciling Legal Strategies for Shark Conservation and Management', Marine Policy, vol. 35, pp. 73 - 78, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2010.08.003

Klein N, 2009, 'Whales and Tuna: The Past and Future of Litigation between Australia and Japan', Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, pp. 143 - 217

Klein N, 2009, 'Litigation over Marine Resources: Lessons for Law of the Sea, International Dispute Settlement and International Environmental Law', Australian Year Book of International Law, vol. 28, pp. 131 - 179

Klein N;Hughes N, 2009, 'National Litigation and International Law Repercussions for Australia’s Protection of Marine Resources', Melbourne University Law Review, vol. 33

Klein N, 2008, 'WHERE WERE THE TUNA WATCHERS? Lessons for Australia in litigating against Japan', ALTERNATIVE LAW JOURNAL, vol. 33, pp. 137 - 141, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1037969X0803300302

Klein N, 2008, 'The Rules of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea: A Commentary. By P. Chanrasekhara Rao & Ph. Gautier (eds)', International & Comparative Law Quarterly, vol. 57, pp. 999 - 1004

Klein N, 2007, 'The Right of Visit and the 2005 Protocol on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation', Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, vol. 35, pp. 287 - 332

Klein N;Barry L, 2007, 'A human rights perspective on diplomatic protection: David Hicks and his dual nationality', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol. 13, pp. 1 - 32, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1323238X.2007.11910823

Klein N, 2006, 'Provisional measures and provisional arrangements in maritime boundary disputes', International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, vol. 21, pp. 423 - 460, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157180806779441129

Klein N, 2006, 'Legal implications of Australia's Maritime Identification System', International and Comparative Law Quarterly, vol. 55, pp. 337 - 368, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/iclq/lei084

Klein N, 2004, 'State Responsibility for International Humanitarian Law Violations and the Work of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission So Far', German Yearbook of International Law, vol. 214, pp. 214 - 266

Klein N, 2004, 'Case Concerning Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. United States)', Australian International Law Journal, vol. 11, pp. 143 - 157

Brilmayer L;Klein N, 2001, 'Land and Sea: Two Sovereignty Regimes in Search of a Common Denominator', NYU Journal of International Law and Politics, vol. 33, pp. 703 - 768

Klein N, 1999, 'The Contested Maritime and Territorial Boundaries of Malaysia: An International Law Perspective. By R. Haller-Trost', Yale Journal of International Law, vol. 24, pp. 632 - 634

Klein N, 1999, 'The Regime of Straits in International Law. By Bing Bing Jia', Yale Journal of International Law, vol. 24, pp. 340 - 342

Klein N, 1998, 'Territorial Acquisition, Disputes and International Law. By Surya P. Sharma', Yale Journal of International Law, vol. 23, pp. 292 - 294

Klein N, 1996, 'Multilateral Disputes and the Doctrine of Necessary Parties in the East Timor Case', Yale Journal of International Law, vol. 21, pp. 305 - 347

Klein N, 1996, 'Extraterritorial Abduction: An Australian Approach?', Adelaide Law Review, vol. 18, pp. 103 - 112

Media

Klein N, 2018, A String of Fake Pearls? The Question of Chinese Port Access in the Indian Ocean, https://thediplomat.com/2018/10/a-string-of-fake-pearls-the-question-of-chinese-port-access-in-the-indian-ocean/

Klein N, 2017, Can International Litigation Solve the India-Sri Lanka Fishing Dispute?, http://thediplomat.com/2017/07/can-international-litigation-solve-the-india-sri-lanka-fishing-dispute/

Klein N, 2016, Determining when a ‘Rock’ is an ‘Island’: Assessing the Repercussions of Philippines v China

Klein N, 2015, Some Lessons from Mauritius v UK for Philippines v China

Klein N, 2014, How to Save a Predator

Klein N, 2014, Indonesia should talk to Haiti not the US about boats policy

Klein N, 2014, Indonesia incursion report provides more questions than answers on turn-backs

Klein N, 2014, Court up to whale of a job

Klein N;Editorial, 2012, Can the Government bring home Julian Assange

Klein N, 2011, What will your country do for you? Aussies in Trouble Overseas

Klein N, 2011, When Help becomes Hindrance for Bali Boy

Klein N, 2010, Whale Warriors Need Legal Eagles

Klein N, 2010, Whaling Protestors are Behaving Like Pirates

Klein N, 2008, Would-be Johnny Depps Unlikely to Qualify as Pirates

Klein N, 2005, Negotiation, not adjudication, is East Timor’s best bet

Reports

Klein N, 2015, Chile-Peru, Brill, International Maritime Boundaries

Klein N, 1998, Investigative Report, ‘Mass Expulsion from Ethiopia: Report on the Deportation of Eritreans and Ethiopians of Eritrean origin from Ethiopia, June – August, 1998’, approx, http://www.dehai.org/conflict/deportees/Klein.html

International law, particularly:

  • Law of the sea
  • International dispute settlement
  • Protection of citizens abroad