Dr Weihuan Zhou

I have great interest in the field of international economic law. My research focuses on the laws of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), Customs law especially trade remedies, free trade agreements, Chinese commercial law, China’s regulations of international trade and investment, China’s integration into the international and regional economic order. I have published widely on these topics in a number of top international and domestic journals such as the Journal of International Economic Law, the Journal of World Trade, the World Trade Review, the International Comparative Law Quarterly, the China Quarterly, the Melbourne Journal of International Law, the Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, the Global Trade and Customs Journal, the Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, the Australian Law Journal, the Chinese Journal of Comparative Law, and the Tsinghua China Law Review. My work has been cited widely, including in European Parliament briefings, reports of the Parliament of Australia and Australia’s Productivity Commission, as well as leading scholars in the field.

At UNSW Law, I am one of the first members of the Herbert Smith Freehills China International Business and Economic Law (CIBEL) Centre. The CIBEL Initiative is a university funded long term and strategic initiative to enhance research strength in the areas of international business and economic law of relevance to China in the twenty-first century. The CIBEL website is here: http://www.cibel.unsw.edu.au/. Globally, I am currently a member of the Executive Council of the Society of International Economic Law (SIEL), one of the world’s leading organisations for academics and academically-minded practitioners and officials in international economic law: http://www.sielnet.org/.

Prior to joining UNSW Law in 2015, I was a trade and commercial lawyer at a top-tier Australian law firm in Sydney. In that capacity, I advised the Government of China (represented by China’s Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)), Chinese industry associations, and numerous major producers and exporters from different countries in various trade remedy investigations in Australia. I also acted for major Chinese state-owned enterprises and private companies in a number of cross-border transactions including major Chinese investment into energy and resources, agriculture and property in Australia. Before that, I conducted research at the Faculty of Law, University of Sydney. My unpublished Ph.D thesis, completed in 2012, was on “Adjudicating De Facto Discrimination under the GATT National Treatment Rule: The Role of Regulatory Purpose”. Before that, I was a consultant at the WTO Secretariat. In that capacity, I developed two of the major online courses of the WTO including: “The Multilateral Trade Agreements” (554 pages) and “Market Access for goods and Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) Negotiations” (382 pages), amongst other responsibilities. Currently, I continue to consult for leading Australian law firms on foreign trade and investment matters. I am a qualified lawyer in Australia.

Profile Picture
Book Chapters

Zhou W; Xi J, 2018, 'Breakthrough or Standstill? China's Liberalisation of Legal Services under ChAFTA', in The China-Australia Free Trade Agreement A 21st-Century Model, Hart Publishing, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, pp. 147 - 172, http://dx.doi.org/10.5040/9781509915415.ch-008

Nedumpara J; Zhou W; Subramanian A, 2018, 'Conclusion', in Nedumpara J; Zhou W (ed.), Non-market Economies in the Global Trading System: The Special Case of China, edn. 1, Springer, Singapore, pp. 303 - 306, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1331-8_12

Nedumpara J; Zhou W, 2018, 'Introduction: Non-market Economies in the Global Trading System—The Special Case of China', in Nedumpara J; Zhou W (ed.), Non-market Economies in the Global Trading System: The Special Case of China, edn. 1, Springer, Singapore, pp. 1 - 11, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1331-8_1

Chou H-H; Zhou W, 2018, 'Embedded Liberalism and National Treatment', in Moon G; Toohey L (ed.), The Future of International Economic Integration The Embedded Liberalism Compromise Revisited, Cambridge University Press, pp. 103 - 121, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/9781108224949.009

Zhou W, 2018, 'The Issue of ‘Particular Market Situation’ Under WTO Anti-dumping Law', in Nedumpara J; Zhou W (ed.), Non-market Economies in the Global Trading System: The Special Case of China, edn. 1, Springer, Singapore, pp. 185 - 200, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1331-8_7

Zhou W; Arner D; Buckley R, 2018, 'Regulating FinTech in China: From Permissive to Balanced', in Lee KC; Deng R (ed.), Handbook of Blockchain, Digital Finance, and Inclusion, Elsevier, London; San Diego; Cambridge; Oxford, pp. 45 - 64, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812282-2.00003-6

Buckley RP; Zhou W, 2015, 'Negotiating the International Economic Legal Order: Who Has Done Best, China or the West?', in Toohey L; Picker C; Greenacre J (ed.), China in the International Economic Order New Directions and Changing Paradigms, Cambridge University Press, UK, pp. 151 - 169, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107449480

Williams BG; Crowe S; Murray O; Zhou W, 2014, 'Some Selected Aspects of the Relationship Between World Trade Organization Law and General Public International Law', in Capaldo GZ (ed.), Global Community: Yearbook of International Law & Jurisprudence 2013, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 203 - 224, https://global.oup.com/academic/product/the-global-community-yearbook-of-international-law-and-jurisprudence-2013-9780199388684?lang=en&cc=au#

Conference Papers

Zhou W, 2019, 'Theory of Distortions and Welfare as the Backbone of the WTO: If We Lose the Form, Do We Lose the Essence?', in Picker C; Nakagawa J (eds.), Paradise Lost or Found? The Post-WTO International Legal Order (Utopian & Dystopian Possibilities), University of Tokyo, presented at Paradise Lost or Found? The Post-WTO International Legal Order (Utopian & Dystopian Possibilities), University of Tokyo, 09 - 10 January 2019, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3309354

Edited Books

Nedumpara J; Zhou W, (eds.), 2018, Non-market Economies in the Global Trading System: The Special Case of China, 1, Springer, Singapore, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1331-8

Picker C; Wang H; Zhou W, (eds.), 2018, China - Australia Free Trade Agreement: A 21st-Century Model, 1, Hart Publishing, Oxford; Portland, Oregon, https://www.bloomsbury.com/au/the-china-australia-free-trade-agreement-9781509915385/

Journal articles

Zhou W; Peng D, 2018, 'EU – price comparison methodologies (DS516): Challenging the non-market economy methodology in light of the negotiating history of article 15 of China’s WTO accession protocol', Journal of World Trade, vol. 52, pp. 505 - 533, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3115861

Xi J; Zhou W; Wang H, 2018, 'The impact of the China–Australia Free Trade Agreement on Australia's education exports to China: A legal and economic assessment', World Economy, vol. 41, pp. 3503 - 3523, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/twec.12736

Jiang H; Zhou W, 2018, 'CHINA'S INVESTMENT IN AUSTRALIA: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF AUSTRALIA'S FOREIGN INVESTMENT REVIEW MECHANISM', TSINGHUA CHINA LAW REVIEW, vol. 10, pp. 187 - 223, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000437524900003&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a

Peng D; Zhou W; Yang G, 2018, 'National Security in International Trade Law: An Analysis of the US Section 232 Investigation', International Economics and Trade Research, vol. 34, pp. 91 - 104, http://dx.doi.org/10.13687/j.cnki.gjjmts.20180417.001

Zhou W, 2018, 'Appellate body report on EU-biodiesel: The future of China's state capitalism under the WTO anti-dumping agreement', World Trade Review, vol. 17, pp. 609 - 633, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474745617000507

Zhou W, 2017, 'Chinas litigation on non-market economy treatment at the wto: A preliminary assessment', Chinese Journal of Comparative Law, vol. 5, pp. 345 - 364, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cjcl/cxx017

Zhou W; Zhang S, 2017, 'Anti-dumping Practices and China's Implementation of WTO Rulings', China Quarterly, vol. 230, pp. 512 - 527, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0305741017000510

Zhou W; Xi J, 2017, 'China’s liberalization of legal services under the ChAFTA: Market access or lack of market access for Australian legal practices', Journal of World Trade, vol. 51, pp. 233 - 264

Zhou W, 2017, 'Implementing WTO Rulings: Fifteen Years of China in the WTO', China's World, vol. 2, pp. 76 - 81, http://www.chinasworld.co.uk/cw/issues

Zhou W, 2017, 'CHINESE INVESTMENT IN AUSTRALIA: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CHINA-AUSTRALIA FREE TRADE AGREEMENT', MELBOURNE JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, vol. 18, pp. 407 - 435, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000456423800016&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a

Zhou W, 2016, 'Circumvention and Anti-Circumvention: Rising Protectionism in Australia', World Trade Review, vol. 15, pp. 495 - 522, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474745615000762

Zhou W; Arner DW; Buckley RP, 2016, 'Overseas Law: China's Regulation of Digital Financial Services: Some Recent Developments', Australian Law Journal, vol. 90, pp. 297 - 300

Zhou W; Percival A, 2016, 'Debunking the Myth of ‘Particular Market Situation’ In WTO Antidumping Law', Journal of International Economic Law, vol. 19, pp. 863 - 892, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgw071

Zhou W, 2016, 'Fifteen Years on: Has China Implemented WTO Rulings? - A Perspective on 'Trade in Goods' Dispute', Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, vol. 11, pp. 155 - 212, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2713543

Percival A, 2016, 'Panel Report on EU —Biodiesel: A Glass Half Full?—Implications for the Rising Issue of “Particular Market Situation”', The Chinese Journal of Global Governance, vol. 2, pp. 142 - 163, http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/23525207-12340019

Zhou W; Noël S, 2016, 'Replacing the Non-Market Economy Methodology: Is the European Union’s Alternative Approach Justified Under the World Trade Organization Anti-Dumping Agreement?', Global Trade and Customs Journal, vol. 11, pp. 559 - 567

Buckley RP; Arner D; Zhou W, 2015, 'Regulation of Digital Financial Services in China: Last Mover Advantage', Tsinghua China Law Review, vol. 8, pp. 25 - 62, http://www.tsinghuachinalawreview.org/

Zhou W, 2015, 'Australia’s anti-dumping and countervailing law and practice: An analysis of current issues incompatible with free trade with China', Journal of World Trade, vol. 49, pp. 975 - 1010

Zhou W, 2015, 'Rethinking national treatment and the role of regulatory purpose: Lessons from the 'Theory of distortions and welfare'', Manchester Journal of International Economic Law, vol. 12, pp. 243 - 269

Zhou W; Arner DW; Buckley RP, 2015, 'REGULATION OF DIGITAL FINANCIAL SERVICES IN CHINA: LAST MOVER ADVANTAGE?', TSINGHUA CHINA LAW REVIEW, vol. 8, pp. 26 - 61, http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000378412900003&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=891bb5ab6ba270e68a

Zhou W, 2015, 'Assessment of ‘Material Injury’ and ‘Causation’: Recent Developments in Australia', Global Trade and Customs Journal, vol. 10, pp. 282 - 290

Buckley RP; Zhou W, 2013, 'Navigating Adroitly: China’s Interaction with the Global Trade, Investment and Financial Regimes', University of Pennsylvania East Asia Law Review, vol. 9, pp. 1 - 40

Zhou W, 2012, 'US-clove cigarettes and US-tuna II (Mexico): Implications for the role of regulatory purpose under article III:4 of the GATT', Journal of International Economic Law, vol. 15, pp. 1075 - 1122, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgs041

Zhou W, 2012, 'The role of regulatory purpose under Articles III: 2 and 4 - Toward consistency between negotiating history and WTO jurisprudence', World Trade Review, vol. 11, pp. 81 - 118, http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1474745611000449


Zhou W; Kong Q, 2019, The Misconceptions about China’s WTO Compliance, China Global Television Network (CGTN), https://news.cgtn.com/news/3d3d514f314d444d33457a6333566d54/index.html?from=timeline&isappinstalled=0&mc_cid=b793305756&mc_eid=[UNIQID]

Kong Q; Zhou W, 2019, China’s New Law Outlaws Forced Technology Transfer, China Global Television Network (CGTN), https://news.cgtn.com/news/3d3d774d7a49444e33457a6333566d54/index.html?mc_cid=b793305756&mc_eid=[UNIQID]

Zhou W; Kong Q, 2019, WTO Decision Reflects Failure of U.S. Trade Protectionism, China Global Television Network (CGTN), https://news.cgtn.com/news/3d3d414f3167444f33457a6333566d54/index.html?mc_cid=b793305756&mc_eid=[UNIQID]

Zhou W; Kong Q, 2019, Why Australia’s Huawei Ban is Unjustifiable under the WTO, China Global Television Network (CGTN), https://news.cgtn.com/news/3d3d414d78517a4d34457a6333566d54/index.html?mc_cid=b793305756&mc_eid=[UNIQID]

Gao H; Zhou W, 2019, Do We Need New Rules for China at the WTO?, East Asia Forum, https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2019/04/29/do-we-need-new-rules-for-china-at-the-wto/?mc_cid=b793305756&mc_eid=[UNIQID]

Kong Q; Zhou W, 2019, A Balanced Agreement is Needed to End the Trade War, China Global Television Network (CGTN), https://news.cgtn.com/news/3d3d414f7a496a4e34457a6333566d54/index.html?mc_cid=b793305756&mc_eid=[UNIQID]

Zhou W; Picker C, 2019, Triage Care for the WTO, East Asia Forum, https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2019/05/28/triage-care-for-the-wto/

Gao H; Zhou W, 2019, The End of the WTO and the Last Case?, East Asia Forum, https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2019/07/10/the-end-of-the-wto-and-the-last-case/

Wagner M; Zhou W, 2019, The WTO Dispute Settlement System: Just another Victim on the Road to Tomorrow’s GATT?, International Law Association (ILA) Reporter, http://ilareporter.org.au/2019/07/the-wto-dispute-settlement-system-just-another-victim-on-the-road-to-tomorrows-gatt-markus-wagner-and-weihuan-zhou/

Zhou W, 2018, Shorten’s Plan to Triple Anti-dumping Penalties Misunderstands the Law, The Conversation, https://theconversation.com/shortens-plan-to-triple-anti-dumping-penalties-misunderstands-the-law-94728

Zhou W, 2018, Barley is Not a Random Choice – Here’s the Real Reason China is Taking on Australia over Dumping, The Conversation, https://theconversation.com/barley-is-not-a-random-choice-heres-the-real-reason-china-is-taking-on-australia-over-dumping-107271

Zhou W, 2017, Indonesia Challenges Australia’s Anti-Dumping Measures at the WTO, The Conversation, https://theconversation.com/indonesia-challenges-australias-anti-dumping-measures-at-the-wto-83723

2018 CIBEL Seeds Grant (with Associate Professor Henry Gao at Singapore Management University) (Between Market Economy and State Capitalism: China’s State-Owned Enterprises and the World Trading System)

2018 University of New South Wales/Tsinghua-UNSW Collaborative Research Fund - Seed Grant(Co-investigator)(Financial Innovation and Regulatory change in the Context of De-globalisation: China's Approach and the Implications for Australia)

2017 University of New South Wales/SJTU-UNSW Collaborative Research Fund - Seed Grant(Chief Investigator)(China's Liberalization of Trade in Education Services under ChAFTA)

2016 University of New South Wales/SJTU-UNSW Collaborative Research Fund - Seed Grant(Chief Investigator)(China's Liberalization of Trade in Legal Services under ChAFTA)

2015 Early Career Research Teaching and Development Support Fund, UNSW Law

My areas of expertise include all areas of international economic law and China, such as World Trade Organization, international trade disputes, free trade agreements, trade remedies, international investment, and all regulatory and policy aspects relating to China particularly China's economic reform and integration into the world economy.  



20 Oct 2017
Strengthening our commitment to China and the region
UNSW Law’s China International Business & Economic Law (CIBEL) Initiative travelled to Beijing last month to further drive collaboration and strengthen the Faculty’s commitment to China and the region.
18 Sep 2017
Indonesia challenges Australia’s anti-dumping measures at the WTO
OPINION: Dr Weihuan Zhou, The Conversation, 15 September 2017.
14 Sep 2017
Insight – Australia WTO paper dispute: impact on new EU antidumping methodology
OPINION: Dr Weihuan Zhou and Stéphanie Noël, Borderlex, 7 September 2017.On 1 September 2017, Indonesia brought a dispute to the World Trade Organization over Australia’s anti-dumping measures on A4 copy paper. The implications of a ruling in this case will go far beyond the case at hand and may impact, in the long-term, the anti-dumping practice of the European Union.
Opinion|Research|23 Nov 2018
OPINION Barley is tactical weapon as China takes on Australia over dumping
China's so-called anti-dumping action against Australia is really an action against Australia's overuse of anti-dumping provisions. Barley producers are caught in the crossfire.
Opinion|Research|11 Apr 2018
OPINION Shorten's plan to triple anti-dumping penalties misunderstands the law
Bill Shorten’s proposal to triple anti-dumping penalties demonstrates a misunderstanding of dumping and its impact on the economy. It also misunderstands when anti-dumping measures may be lawfully applied and to what extent.
Achievement|02 Aug 2019
Hong Kong and Singapore roadshow a success for CIBEL Centre
Roadshow helps to strengthen research collaboration with academic staff in five top universities.

Currently Teaching

  • Principles of Private Law (LAWS1150)
  • Principles of Private Law (JURD7150)
  • International Trade Law: The Law and Policy of the WTO (LAWS3084)
  • International Trade Law: The Law and Policy of the WTO (JURD7484)
  • International Trade Remedies: Law and Practices (LAWS3354)
  • International Trade Remedies: Law and Practices (JURD7554)
  • International Business Transactions (LAWS8993)
  • International Business Transactions (JURD7593)
  • Chinese Regulation of International Business (LAWS3157)
  • Chinese Regulation of International Business (JURD7657)
  • Intro to Chinese Regulation of Int'l Business (LAWS8365)
  • Intro to Chinese Regulation of Int'l Business (JURD7765)